Advertisement

Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 59, Issue 5, pp 917–921 | Cite as

Multibubble sonolysis and sonoluminescence in molten elementary sulfur and sulfur—styrene mixture

  • G. L. Sharipov
  • V. R. Akhmetova
  • I. V. Rusakov
  • A. M. Abdrakhmanov
  • L. R. Zagretdinova
  • R. A. Sadykov
  • Yu. A. Lebedev
Full Articles
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

The effect of saturation with argon, as well as styrene and iodine additives on the temperature dependence of multibubble sonoluminescence intensity in molten sulfur at 120–230 °C was studied. The shape of the temperature dependence with a maximum at 170–200 °C is determined by the viscosity variations related to the changes in the molecular structure of molten elemental sulfur. At high temperatures, cyclooctasulfane (S8) molecules break to radical products, which then undergo polymerization that can be slowed down by the additives. Sulfurization of styrene during sonolysis of a sulfur—styrene mixture resulting in products of the thiophene series was detected. Unlike thermal sulfurization that affords 2,5-diphenylthiophene as a major product, sonochemical sulfurization results mainly in 2,4-diphenylthiophene. The mechanism of 2,4-diphenylthiophene formation initiated by the reaction of styrene molecules with S+ ions produced upon fragmentation of S8 within cavitation bubbles is proposed. The glow of electronically excited S+* ions is responsible for the band with a maximum at 560 nm in the sonoluminescence spectrum of molten sulfur, which is suppressed by the styrene additive.

Key words

sonolysis sonochemical reactions multibubble sonoluminescence sulfurization elemental sulfur styrene synthesis of thiophenes 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    A. M. Abdrakhmanov, G. L. Sharipov, I. V. Rusakov, V. R. Akhmetova, R. G. Bulgakov, Pis’ma v Zh. Eksperim. Teor. Fiz., 2007, 85, 495 [JETP Letters (Engl. Transl.), 2007, 85, 410].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. G. Voronkov, N. S. Vyazankin, E. N. Deryagina, A. S. Nakhmanovich, V. A. Usov, Reaktsii sery s organicheskimi soedineniyami [Reactions between Sulfur and Organic Compounds] Nauka, Moscow, 1979, 368 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. A. Margulis, Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk, 2000, 170, 263 [Physics-Uspekhi (Engl. Transl.), 2000, 43, 259].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. A. Margulis, I. M. Margulis, Zh. Fiz. Khim., 2007, 81, 136 [Russ. J. Phys. Chem. A (Engl. Transl.), 2007, 81, 129].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. A. Margulis, L. M. Grundel’, G. I. Eskin, P. N. Shvetsov, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1987, 295, 1170 [Dokl. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1987, 295].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. A. Margulis, L. M. Grundel’, A. V. Kapshtyk, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1988, 300, 1399 [Dokl. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1988, 300].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. L. Sharipov, R. Kh. Gainetdinov, A. M. Abdrakhmanov, Izv. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Khim., 2005, 1341 [Russ. Chem. Bull., Int. Ed., 2005, 54, 1383].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. G. Voronkov, E. N. Deryagina, M. A. Kuznetsova, Zh. Organ. Khim., 1982, 18, 1743 [J. Org. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1982, 18].Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    U. M. Dzhemilev, N. Z. Baibulatova, T. E. Tkachenko, R. V. Kunakova, L. M. Khalilov, A. A. Berg, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR. Ser. Khim., 1989, 655 [Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Div. Chem. Sci. (Engl. Transl.), 1989, 38, 581].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Russian Federation Patent 2321587, Byul. Izobret., 2008, 10 [Chem. Abstr., 2008, 148, 403069].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. N. Zaidel’, V. K. Prokof’ev, S. M. Raiskii, Tablitsy spektral’nykh linii [Tables of Spectral Lines], GITTL, Moscow—Leningrad, 1952, 560 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    B. E. Noltingk, E. A. Neppiras, Proc. Phys. Soc. B, 1950, 63, 674.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. V. Yas’ko, N. A. Korchevin, N. K. Gusarova, T. I. Kazantseva, N. A. Chernysheva, L. V. Klyba, B. A. Trofimov, Khim. Geterotsikl. Soedinenii, 2006, 1728 [Chem. Heterocycl. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2006, 42, 1486].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. V. Kunakova, DSc (Chem.) Thesis, Institute of Organic Chemistry, Bashkirskiy Filial of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Ufa, 1989, 434 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. G. Voronkov, V. E. Udre, in Khimiya seraorganicheskikh soedinenii, soderzhashchikhsya v neftyakh i nefteproduktakh [Chemistry of Organosulfur Compounds Containing in Petroleum and Petrochemicals], Vysshaya Shkola, Moscow, 1972, 9, 233 pp. (in Russian).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.  2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. L. Sharipov
    • 1
  • V. R. Akhmetova
    • 1
  • I. V. Rusakov
    • 1
  • A. M. Abdrakhmanov
    • 1
  • L. R. Zagretdinova
    • 1
  • R. A. Sadykov
    • 1
  • Yu. A. Lebedev
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Petrochemistry and CatalysisRussian Academy of SciencesUfaRussian Federation
  2. 2.Institute of Molecules and Crystals Physics, Ufa Research CenterRussian Academy of SciencesUfaRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations