Advertisement

Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 57, Issue 9, pp 1944–1954 | Cite as

Magnetic properties of fullerene salts containing d- and f-metal cations (Co2+, Ni2+, Fe2+, Mn2+, Eu2+, Cd2+). Specific features of the interaction between C60 ·− and the metal cations

  • D. V. Konarev
  • R. N. Lyubovskaya
Full Articles

Abstract

The interaction between the radical anions C60 ·− and divalent d- and f-metal (Co, Fe, Ni, Mn, Eu, Cd) cations in DMF and acetonitrile-benzonitrile (AN-BN) mixture was studied. Black solid polycrystalline salts (C60 ·−)2{(M2+)(DMF) x } (x = 2.4–4, 1–6) containing the radical anions C60 ·− and metal(ii) cations solvated by DMF were prepared for the first time and their optical and magnetic properties were studied. The salts containing Co2+, Fe2+, and Ni2+ are characterized by antiferromagnetic interactions between the radical anions C60 ·−, which result in unusually large broadening of the EPR signal of C60 ·− upon lowering the temperature (from 5.55–12.6 mT at room temperature to 35–40 mT at 6 K for Co2+ and Ni2+). The salts containing Mn2+ and Eu2+ form diamagnetic dimers (C60 )2, which causes a jumpwise decrease in the magnetic moment of the complexes and disappearance of the EPR signal of C60 ·− in the temperature range 210–130 K. A feature of salt 6 is magnetic isolation of the radical anions C60 ·− due to the presence of diamagnetic cation Cd2+. The salts prepared are unstable in air and decompose in o-dichlorobenzene or AN. Reactions of C60 ·− with metal(ii) cations in AN-BN mixture result in decomposition products of the salts that contain neutral fullerene dimers and metals solvated by BN.

Key words

radical ion salts fullerene C60 metal(ii) cations magnetic properties antiferro-magnetic interactions dimerization of C60·− EPR spectroscopy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. J. Rosseinsky, J. Mater. Chem., 1995, 5, 1497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. Gotschy, Fullerene Sci. Technol., 1996, 4, 677.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. V. Konarev, R. N. Lyubovskaya, Usp. Khim., 1999, 23 [Russ. Chem. Rev., 1999, 68, 19 (Engl. Transl.)].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. Ozdaz, A. R. Kortan, N. Kopylov, A. P. Ramirez, T. Siegrist, K. M. Rabe, H. E. Bair, S. Schuppler, P. M. Citrin, Nature (London), 1995, 375, 126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    X. H. Chen, G. Roth, Phys. Rev. B, 1995, 52, 15534.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. Margiolaki, S. Margadonna, K. Prassides, T. Hansen, K. Ishii, H. Suematsu, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002, 124, 11288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Maruyama, S. Motohashi, N. Sakai, K. Watanabe, K. Suzuki, H. Ogata, Y. Kubozono, Solid State Commun., 2002, 123, 229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Himmel, M. Jansen, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem., 1998, 1183.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. Himmel, M. Jansen, Chem. Commun., 1998, 1205.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. Himmel, M. Jansen, Inorg. Chem., 1998, 37, 3437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. V. Magdesieva, D. N. Kravchuk, V. V. Bashilov, I. V. Kuznetsova, V. I. Sokolov, K. P. Butin, Izv. Akad. Nauk. Ser. Khim., 2002, 1459 [Russ. Chem. Bull., Int. Ed., 2002,51, 1588].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. C. Trulove, R. T. Carlin, G. R. Eaton, S. S. Eaton, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 6265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. V. Konarev, S. S. Khasanov, G. Saito, I. I. Vorontsov, A. Otsuka, R. N. Lyubovskaya, Yu. M. Antipin, Inorg. Chem., 2003, 42, 3706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. E. Douthwaite, M. A. Green, M. L. H. Green, M. J. Rosseinsky, J. Mater. Chem., 1996, 6, 1913.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Kobayashi, H. Tomita, H. Moriyama, A. Kobayashi, T. Watanabe, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1994, 116, 3153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Moriyama, H. Kobayashi, A. Kobayashi, T. Watanabe, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1995, 238, 116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. K. Patel, D. M. Thompson, M. C. Baird, L. K. Thompson, K. F. Preston, J. Organomet. Chem., 1997, 546, 607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. M. Thompson, M. Bengough, M. C. Baird, Organometallics, 2002, 21, 4762.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Bengough, D. M. Thompson, M. C. Baird, Organometallics, 1999, 18, 2950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. L. Balch, D. A. Costa, K. Winkler, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 9614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Hayashi, A. de Bettencourt-Dias, K. Winkler, A. Balch, J. Mater. Chem., 2002, 12, 2116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    H. Nagashima, A. Nakaota, Y. Sayto, M. Kato, T. Kawanishi, K. Itoh, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1992, 377.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Nagashima, Y. Kato, H. Yamabuchi, E. Kimura, T. Kawanishi, M. Kato, Y. Saito, M. Haga, K. Itoh, Chem. Lett., 1994, 1207.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Y. L. Hwang, C. C. Yang, K. C. Hwang, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1997, 101, 7971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    P.-M. Allemand, K. C. Khemani, A. Koch, F. Wudl, K. Holczer, S. Donovan, G. Grüner, J. D. Thompson, Science, 1991, 253, 301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. Kitagawa, Y. Lee, K. Takeuchi, Chem. Commun., 1999, 1529.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. V. Konarev, S. S. Khasanov, G. Saito, A. Otsuka, Y. Yoshida, R. N. Lyubovskaya, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2003, 125, 10074.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, in Fullerene Polymers and Fullerene Polymer Composites, Eds P. C. Eklund, A. M. Rao, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1999, p. 1.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    T. Picher, R. Winkler, H. Kuzmany, Phys. Rev. B, 1994, 49, 15879.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    C. A. Reed, R. D. Bolskar, Chem. Rev., 2000, 100, 1075.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    G.-W. Wang, K. Komatsu, Y. Murata, M. Shiro, Nature, 1997, 387, 583.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    D. V. Konarev, A. Yu. Kovalevsky, S. S. Khasanov, G. Saito, A. Otsuka, R. N. Lyubovskaya, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem., 2005, 4822.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    D. V. Konarev, S. S. Khasanov, A. Otsuka, G. Saito, R. N. Lyubovskaya, Inorg. Chem., 2007, 46, 2261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    G. Völkel, A. Pöppl, J. Simon, J. Hoentsch, S. Orlinskii, H. Klos, B. Gotschy, Phys. Rev. B, 1995, 52, 10188.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    K. Tanaka, A. A. Zakhidov, K. Yoshizawa, K. Okahara, T. Yamabe, K. Yakushi, K. Kikuchi, S. Suzuku, L. Ikemoto, Y. Achiba, Phys. Rev. B, 1993, 47, 7554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    B. M. Weckhuysen, A. A. Verberckmoes, M. G. Uytterhoeven, F. E. Mabbs, D. Collison, E. De Boer, R. A. Schoonheydt, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2000, 104, 37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    S. Dzwigaj, M. Che, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2006, 110, 12490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    A. Abragam, B. Bleaney, in Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Ions, Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1986.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    D. V. Konarev, S. S. Khasanov, A. Otsuka, G. Saito, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002, 124, 8520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    D. V. Konarev, S. S. Khasanov, A. Y. Kovalevsky, G. Saito, A. Otsuka, R. N. Lyubovskaya, Dalton Trans., 2006, 3716.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    D. V. Konarev, S. S. Khasanov, R. N. Lyubovskaya, Izv. Akad. Nauk. Ser. Khim., 2007, 361 [Russ. Chem. Bull., Int. Ed., 2007, 56, 371].Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    D. V. Konarev, S. S. Khasanov, G. Saito, A. Otsuka, R. N. Lyubovskaya, J. Mater. Chem., 2007, 17, 4171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    D. V. Konarev, I. S. Neretin, G. Saito, Yu. L. Slovokhotov, A. Otsuka, R. N. Lyubovskaya, Dalton Trans., 2003, 3886.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    V. Gutman, R. Schmid, Coord. Chem. Rev., 1974, 12, 263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    J. F. Coetzee, Pure. Appl. Chem., 1977, 49, 877.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    D. Dubois, G. Moninot, W. Kutner, T. M. Jones, K. M. Kadish, J. Phys. Chem., 1992, 96, 7137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    J. Chen, Z.-E. Huang, R.-F. Cai, R.-F. Shao, S.-M. Chen, H.-J. Ye, Chem. Commun., 1994, 2177.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.  2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesChernogolovka, Moscow RegionRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations