Spin crossover in polyaniline
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Solutions of the basic form of polyaniline in m-cresol were studied by ESR and optical spectroscopy in the visible region. m-Cresol can slowly (during one month) protonate polyaniline. For the first time characteristic features of spin crossover were found: sharp changes in the magnetic susceptibility and the ESR line width of polyaniline at ∼200 and 250 K, a smooth decrease in the susceptibility and absorption with the temperature increase from 293 to 423 K, and the temperature hysteresis. The temperature-induced structural rearrangements of polyaniline are caused, most likely, by singlet-triplet transitions in relatively short sections of the polymer chain. The model of short sections permits to explain the origin of the temperature-independent part of susceptibility. Quantum-chemical calculations for the aniline dimers and tetramers describe correctly the singlet-triplet splitting value, thermochromism, and HFS constants in the spectrum of polyaniline.
Key wordspolyaniline ESR spectroscopy spin crossover quantum chemistry
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