Electrochemical N-arylation of azoles in MeOH using undivided electrolysis of their mixtures with 1,4-dimethoxybenzene
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The reactions of 1,4-dimethoxybenzene with azoles (pyrazole, triazole, and their derivatives, as well as tetrazole) were studied by undivided amperostatic electrolysis at Pt electrodes in MeOH. The process proceeds via the formation of a 1,1,4-trimethoxyarenonium cation as the key intermediate and affords 1,1,4,4-tetramethoxycyclohexa-2,5-diene, 1,1,4-trimethoxy-4-(azol-1-yl)cyclohexa-2,5-diene, and 1,4-dimethoxy-2-(azol-1-yl)benzene as the main products. Azole and solvent molecules compete as nucleophiles during electrolysis. A fine mechanism of the process was considered.
Key wordsazoles 1,4-dimethoxybenzene paired electrosynthesis N-dimethoxyphenylazoles
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