New approaches to synthesis of tris[1,2,4]triazolo[1,3,5]triazines
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Thermal cyclization of 3-R-5-chloro-1,2,4-triazoles (R = Cl, Ph) afforded 2,6,10-tri-R- tris[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a:1′,5′c:1″,5″-e][1,3,5]triazines 5 (R = Ph) and 7 (R = Cl). These compounds are first representatives of this class of heterocycles, whose structures were unambiguously established. Treatment of these compounds with nucleophiles (H2O/NaOH, NH3) results in the triazine ring opening to give compounds consisting of three 1,2,4-triazole rings linked in a chain. For example, treatment of cyclic compound 5 with aqueous alkali affords 3-phenyl-1-3-phenyl-1-(3-phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-one. Treatment of 3,7,11-triphenyltris[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a:4′,3′c:4″,3″-e][1,3,5]triazine (2) with HCl/SbCl5 leads to the triazine ring opening giving rise to 5-(3-chloro-5-phenyl-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)-3-phenyl-4-(5-phenyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)-1,2,4-triazole. Thermal cyclization of the latter produces 3,7,10-triphenyltris[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a:4′,3′c:4″,3″-e][1,3,5]triazine (13). Thermolysis of both cyclic compound 2 and cyclic compound 13 is accompanied by the Dimroth rearrangement to yield 3,6,10-triphenyl-tris[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a:1′, 5′-c:4″,3″-e][1,3,5]triazine (14). Compounds 13 and 14 are the first representatives of cyclic compounds with this skeleton. 13C NMR spectroscopy allows the determination of the isomer type in a series of tris[1,2,4]triazolo[1,3,5]triazines.
Key wordsfused heterocycles nitrogen heterocycles 1,2,4-triazoles 1,3,5-triazines tris[1,2,4]triazolo[1,3,5]triazine pyrolysis Dimroth rearrangement synthetic methods
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