Research in Science Education

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 539–551 | Cite as

Development and Validation of Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale for College Students

  • Esen UzuntiryakiEmail author
  • Yeşim Çapa Aydın


This study described the process of developing and validating the College Chemistry Self-Efficacy Scale (CCSS) that can be used to assess college students’ beliefs in their ability to perform essential tasks in chemistry. In the first phase, data collected from 363 college students provided evidence for the validity and reliability of the new scale. Three dimensions emerged: self-efficacy for cognitive skills, self-efficacy for psychomotor skills, and self-efficacy for everyday applications. In the second phase, data collected from an independent sample of 353 college students confirmed the factorial structure of the 21-item CCSS. The Cronbach alpha coefficients ranged from 0.82 to 0.92. In addition, each dimension of the CCSS had moderate and significant correlations with student chemistry achievement and differentiated between major and non-major students. Followed by the additional validation studies, the CCSS will serve as a valuable tool for both instructors and researchers in science education to assess college students’ chemistry self-efficacy beliefs.


Self-efficacy Chemistry self-efficacy Scale development Scale validation College students 



We would like to acknowledge the help of Serdar Atılgan for his assistance with the collection of the data for this study and thank to Prof. Dr. Anita Woolfolk Hoy for her valuable comments on earlier versions of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics EducationMiddle East Technical UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Educational SciencesMiddle East Technical UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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