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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 5377–5387 | Cite as

Green synthesis of dihydroxybenzene from phenol with hydrogen peroxide catalyzed by iron modified FSM-16

  • Guanhua Luo
  • Yujuan Jiao
  • Xuechuan Lv
  • Xiaofan Zhang
  • Xiaohan Gao
Article
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

Catechol and hydroquinone are very important fine chemical intermediate products, which have a wide range of applications. The hydroxylation of phenol with hydrogen peroxide to produce dihydroxybenzene is a mild and environmental friendly route. In this work, FSM-16 modified by iron (Fe/FSM-16) is used as a catalyst. With Fe content of 5% (wt), phenol to H2O2 ratio of 3:1, reaction temperature of 60 °C, catalyst amount of 0.1 g and reaction time of 6 h, phenol conversion of 29.1% and dihydroxybenzene selectivity (catechol/hydroquinone = 1.6) of 93.5% are achieved. The results are close to that of TS-1 which is used in industry production and shows good prospects for industrial applications. The characterizations revealed that the Fe/FSM-16 could be reusable and stable.

Keywords

Catalysis Hydroxylation Zeolites Iron 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China under the grant NSFC. Nos. 21103078, 21003069.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guanhua Luo
    • 1
  • Yujuan Jiao
    • 1
  • Xuechuan Lv
    • 1
  • Xiaofan Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiaohan Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Material Science, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Environmental EngineeringLiaoning Shihua UniversityFushunChina

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