Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 4483–4501 | Cite as

Hexamethylenetetramine grafted layered double hydroxides as a novel and green heterogeneous ionic liquid catalyst for the synthesis of pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives

  • Ramin Ghorbani-Vaghei
  • Narges Sarmast


In this research layered double hydroxides functionalized with (3r,5r,7r)-1-(3-(triethoxysilyl)propyl)-1,3,5,7-tetraazaadamantan-1-ium chloride (LDHsTPTAACl) as a novel, green, efficient and recyclable heterogeneous ionic liquid were synthesized and characterized by various methods, such as FT-IR, TGA, SEM, EDX, TEM and XRD. The mentioned catalyst was applied as a new ionic liquid catalyst for the one-pot three-component synthesis of a new class of pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives through combination of aromatic aldehydes, 2,4-thiazolidinedione and N,N-dimethyl-6-amino uracil using water as solvent in high to excellent yield and short reaction times. The LDHsTPTAACl catalyst could be simply recycled and reused up to five continuous runs with no substantial structural change and loss of activity.

Graphical Abstract


LDHs Green chemistry Ionic liquid Pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine Uracil 



The authors wish to thank the Research Council of Bu-Ali Sina University for financial support to carry out this research.

Supplementary material

11164_2018_3399_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1159 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryBu-Ali Sina UniversityHamedanIran

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