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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 3507–3521 | Cite as

Nanomagnetite-supported molybdenum oxide (nanocat-Fe-Mo): an efficient green catalyst for multicomponent synthesis of amidoalkyl naphthols

  • Swapnil R. Bankar
  • Sharad N. Shelke
Article
  • 57 Downloads

Abstract

Magnetite (Fe3O4)-supported molybdenum oxide (MoO3) was synthesized from simple starting precursors in aqueous medium. The synthesized nanocat-Fe-Mo was analyzed using several techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and vibrating-sample magnetometry (VSM). The catalytic activity of the synthesized nanocat-Fe-Mo was studied in a benign one-pot multicomponent transformation for synthesis of amidoalkyl naphthol derivatives under solvent-free condition using both conventional and microwave irradiation methods. Nanocat-Fe-Mo was found to be highly active and could be reused seven times without notable loss in catalytic activity. The proposed method offers advantages such as good reaction yield (80–95%), short process time, simple workup, and recycling of the catalyst, representing important green chemistry principles.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

MNPs Nanocat-Fe-Mo Multicomponent reaction Amidoalkyl naphthols Benign media Green transformation 

List of symbols

Ar

Aryl

CCD

Charge coupled device

DMF

Dimethyl formamide

DMSO

Dimethylsulfoxide

EDS

Energy dispersive spectroscopy

Fe-Mo

Ferrite-molybdenum

FT-IR

Fourier-transform infrared

FWHM

Full width at half maximum

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

ICP-AES

Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy

LFD

Large field detector

MNPs

Magnetic nanoparticles

MP

Melting point

MW

Microwave

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

NP

Nanoparticle

Ph

Phenyl

ppm

Parts per million

RBF

Round-bottomed flask

RF

Radiofrequency

RT

Room temperature

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

TLC

Thin-layer chromatography

TMS

Tetramethylsilane

UV

Ultraviolet

VSM

Vibrating-sample magnetometry

XRD

X-ray diffraction

Notes

Acknowledgements

S.R.B. gratefully thanks the BCUD, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune for granting research stipend. The authors are grateful to the Director of SAIF, Panjab University (Chandigarh, India) for spectral analysis. S.R.B. thanks Dr. M. B. Gawande for constant inspiration. We also acknowledge the HOD and Principal, S.S.G.M. College, Kopargaon, Ahmednagar (MH) for providing research facilities.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no competing financial interests.

Supplementary material

11164_2018_3321_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.6 mb)
Supporting information file: spectral analysis data (DOC 2676 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.P. G. and Research Centre, Department of ChemistryS.S.G.M. CollegeKopargaon, AhmednagarIndia

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