Dimethyl carbonate synthesis via transesterification of ethylene carbonate and methanol using ionic liquid catalysts immobilized on mesoporous cellular foams
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Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) was synthesized via transesterification of ethylene carbonate and methanol with ionic liquid catalysts. For this reaction, 1,4-diazobicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), [Choline]OH, and [BMIM]Cl were used as a homogeneous catalyst, and hydrotalcite, [DABCO]OH@MCF, [DABCO]Cl@MCF, and DABCO/MCF were used as a heterogeneous catalyst. To support the ionic liquids, mesoporous cellular foam (MCF) was prepared and characterized by SEM, TEM and BET surface area analyzer. The average cell and window sizes of the prepared MCF were 34.4 and 21.3 nm, respectively. The prepared MCF had a well structured three-dimensional structure. Among the homogeneous catalysts used, DABCO showed the highest DMC yield about 84 %, and among the heterogeneous catalysts, [DABCO]OH@MCF showed the highest DMC yield about 77 %. In the reusability test of the used catalysts, there was only 8 % point decrease in DMC yield with [DABCO]OH@MCF, whereas 58 percent point decrease in DMC yield with DABCO/MCF after four times recycling tests. The effects of an anion on the catalytic activity were investigated. The optimum reaction condition for DMC synthesis was also investigated with [DABCO]OH@MCF catalyst.
KeywordsDimethyl carbonate Ionic liquids Mesoporous cellular foam Ethylene carbonate Reusability
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