Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 42, Issue 6, pp 5541–5557 | Cite as

Enhanced sunlight photocatalytic activity and recycled Ag–N co-doped TiO2 supported by expanded graphite C/C composites for degradation of organic pollutants

  • Jing Zhang
  • Xuejiang Wang
  • Peng Xia
  • Xin Wang
  • Jiayu Huang
  • Jie Chen
  • Bountheva Louangsouphom
  • Jianfu Zhao


Removing organic pollutants from wastewater is urgent for developing a sustainable ecological environment. A highly efficient visible light photocatalyst was synthesized through a sol–gel method using C/C composites (expanded graphite dipping in the phenol formaldehyde resin, EGC) coated with Ag, N co-doped TiO2. The as-prepared composites were characterized through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption–desorption (BET), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and ultraviolet–visible light diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV–Vis-DRS). The XRD and N2 adsorption–desorption (BET) results revealed that the photocatalysts were composed of mesoporous structures mainly with anatase TiO2. The effects of Ag content and calcination temperature on the photocatalytic activity of Ag–N-TiO2/EGC photocatalysts were studied. The results showed that under visible light, the photocatalytic efficiencies of Ag1.0-N-TiO2/EGC (550 °C) obtained for the degradation of Rhodamine B (RB) and diesel are 7.4 times and 3.9 times higher, respectively, than those of N-TiO2/EGC with high mineralization. The enhanced photocatalytic activity of the Ag–N-TiO2/EGC composites was attributed to the porosity and flexible electron transport paths for formation of superoxide radicals. These characteristics assured Ag–N-TiO2/EGC photocatalyst as a high-efficiency photocatalytic material for organic pollutant degradation under visible light.


Titanium dioxide Expanded graphite C/C composites Ag–N Co-doping Visible light photocatalysis Diesel 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51179127, 21377095 and 21277097) and Program of International S&T Cooperation (No. 2014DFA91650).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Zhang
    • 1
  • Xuejiang Wang
    • 1
  • Peng Xia
    • 1
  • Xin Wang
    • 1
  • Jiayu Huang
    • 1
  • Jie Chen
    • 1
  • Bountheva Louangsouphom
    • 1
  • Jianfu Zhao
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, College of Environmental Science and EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

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