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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 42, Issue 9, pp 6815–6830 | Cite as

Nanosilica-bonded N-(propylsulfonyl) piperazine-N-sulfamic acid as recyclable catalyst for synthesis of 1,1′-(arylmethylene) diureas and 1,3,5-triazinane-2,4-dithiones

  • Parizad Rezaee
  • Jamal Davarpanah
Article

Abstract

Nanosilica-bonded N-(propylsulfonyl) piperazine-N-sulfamic acid was easily prepared by functionalizing silica nanoparticles and characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, infrared (IR) spectroscopy, elemental analyses, and ion-exchange pH analysis. The catalytic activity of the functionalized nanosilica for preparation of 1,1′-(arylmethylene) diureas from reaction of aldehydes with urea derivatives was examined. The efficient effect of this catalyst led to preparation of 1,1′-(arylmethylene) diureas in high yield. The reaction of aldehydes with thiourea under the same reaction conditions afforded high yield of 1,3,5-triazinane-2,4-dithiones. Catalyst reusability, simple workup procedure, and short reaction time are other advantages of this protocol.

Keywords

1,1′-(Arylmethylene) diureas 1,3,5-Triazinane-2,4-dithiones Functionalized nanosilica Bisurides Interphase catalyst Aldehydes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful for the facilities provided to carry out research in Chemistry Research Laboratory at Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad University.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Abadan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityAbadanIran
  2. 2.Chemistry DepartmentProduction Technology Research Institute –ACECRAhvazIran

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