Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 41, Issue 9, pp 6815–6823 | Cite as

Role of electron beam irradiation on superabsorbent behaviors of carboxymethyl cellulose

  • Hye Kyoung Shin
  • Mira Park
  • Phil Hyun Kang
  • Kyong-Yop Rhee
  • Soo-Jin Park


Superabsorbent materials derived from synthetic polymers can cause various environmental problems. In this study, eco-friendly superabsorbent materials were prepared from a mixture of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as a raw material and different concentrations of citric acid (CA) as a crosslinking agent through electron beam irradiation (EBI). The results showed that the CMC/2 wt% CA and CMC/4 wt% CA samples obtained using 20-kGy EBI showed the highest gel fraction value of over 95 % and the highest swelling degree of around 7,000 %. In addition, the water retention of the swollen CMC/2 wt% CA gel decreased steadily to around 63 % of the initial absorbed water during a period of 7 h, and then remained at around 60 %.


Carboxymethyl cellulose Citric acid Superabsorbent material Electron beam irradiation 



This work was supported by the Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE) as “GAIA Program”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hye Kyoung Shin
    • 1
  • Mira Park
    • 2
  • Phil Hyun Kang
    • 3
  • Kyong-Yop Rhee
    • 4
  • Soo-Jin Park
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryInha UniversityIncheonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Textile EngineeringChonbuk National UniversityChonjuSouth Korea
  3. 3.Research Division for Industry and Environment, Advanced Radiation Technology InstituteKorea Atomic Energy Research InstituteJeongeupSouth Korea
  4. 4.School of Mechanical and Industrial System EngineeringKyunghee UniversityYonginSouth Korea

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