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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 39, Issue 8, pp 3507–3524 | Cite as

Inhibitive properties of a phosphonate-based formulation for corrosion control of carbon steel

  • M. Prabakaran
  • S. Ramesh
  • V. Periasamy
Article

Abstract

The aim of the present work was to study the corrosion inhibition of carbon steel using a ternary formulation. This new ternary inhibitor formulation, viz., 2-phosphonobutane-1,2,4-tricarboxylic acid (PBTC), with zinc ions and silicate ions was used to protect carbon steel from corrosion in a low-chloride environment. The gravimetric studies showed that 96 % inhibition efficiency was achieved with the ternary system consisting of 50 ppm PBTC, 50 ppm Zn2+ ions, and 10 ppm silicate ions. Out of 0.310 mmol of Zn2+ ions, 0.218 mmol was diffused from the bulk of the solution to the metal surface, as revealed from the studies of the solutions by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Electrochemical methods (potentiostatic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy) and surface characterization techniques [Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM)] were used to ascertain the nature of the protective film and for explaining the mechanistic aspects of corrosion inhibition.

Keywords

Corrosion inhibition Carbon steel PBTC Zinc ions Silicate 

Notes

Acknowledgments

M. Prabakaran is grateful to the University Grants Commission (UGC) for the fellowship under Research Fellowship in Science for Meritorious Students. The authors thank the Co-ordinator, UGC Special Assistance Programme (UGC-SAP), Gandhigram Rural Institute, for his help and also thank the authorities of Gandhigram Rural Institute for the encouragement.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryGandhigram Rural Institute—Deemed UniversityGandhigramIndia

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