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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 505–516 | Cite as

Electrochemical degradation of buprofezin insecticide in aqueous solutions by anodic oxidation at boron-doped diamond electrode

  • Mohamed Errami
  • Rachid Salghi
  • Mohammed Zougagh
  • Abdelkader Zarrouk
  • El Houcine Bazzi
  • Abdelkhaleq Chakir
  • Hassan Zarrok
  • Belkheir Hammouti
  • Lahcen Bazzi
Article

Abstract

Buprofezin (2-tert-butylimino-3-isopropyl-5-phenyl-1,3,5-thiadiazinan-4-one) is identified as a commonly used chemical with satisfactory biological activities against sucking insect pests, but its disposal causes serious environmental problems. This pesticide was treated by an electrolysis system using a boron-doped diamond (BDD) as anode and platinum as cathode. A number of experiments were run on a laboratory scale and the results are presented. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) measurement during the processing permitted the evaluation of the kinetic of organic matter decay and the instantaneous current efficiency. Different operating conditions and factors affecting the treatment process including current density, conductive electrolyte, pH, concentration of buprofezin, and time of electrolysis were studied and optimized. The best obtained conditions for COD removal on the BDD anode to degrade buprofezin solutions (COD0 = 1,200 mg L−1) include operating at 60 mA cm−2 and 25 ± 3 °C. The high efficiency of this technology can be explained in terms of the direct electrooxidation at the BDD surface and the oxidation carried out by hydroxyl radicals (OH) and other electro-generated oxidants (Cl, ClO).

Keywords

Electrochemical oxidation Pesticide Buprofezin Direct electrooxidation Boron-doped diamond 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Errami
    • 1
  • Rachid Salghi
    • 1
  • Mohammed Zougagh
    • 2
    • 3
  • Abdelkader Zarrouk
    • 4
  • El Houcine Bazzi
    • 5
  • Abdelkhaleq Chakir
    • 6
  • Hassan Zarrok
    • 7
  • Belkheir Hammouti
    • 4
  • Lahcen Bazzi
    • 8
  1. 1.Equipe de Génie de l’Environnement et de BiotechnologieENSA, Université Ibn ZohrAgadirMorocco
  2. 2.Regional Institute for Applied Science ResearchIRICACiudad RealSpain
  3. 3.Scientific and Technological Park of AlbaceteAlbaceteSpain
  4. 4.LCAE-URAC18, Faculté des SciencesUniversité Mohammed PremierOujdaMorocco
  5. 5.Etablissement Autonome de Contrôle et de Coordination des Exportations d’AgadirAgadirMorocco
  6. 6.GSMA, UMR CNRS 6089, Faculté des SciencesUniversité de Reims, UMR 6089ReimsFrance
  7. 7.Laboratoire des Procèdes de SéparationFaculté des SciencesKénitraMorocco
  8. 8.Laboratoire Matériaux & Environnement, Faculté des SciencesUniversité Ibn ZohrAgadirMorocco

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