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Research on Chemical Intermediates

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 485–498 | Cite as

Non-catalytic and catalytic hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass

  • Kubilay Tekin
  • Selhan Karagöz
Article

Abstract

Both the non-catalytic and catalytic hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass have been the objective of extensive research in recent years. An impressive amount of scientific studies related to non-catalytic and catalytic hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass has been reported in the literature. The experimental conditions such as temperature, residence time, pressure, the types of biomass, and the types of catalysts have an important effect on the product distributions. The details about the experimental conditions as well as the compositions of bio-oils are important for a better understanding of the biomass liquefaction pathways in hydrothermal media. This review is intended to summarize and discuss a survey of relevant research.

Keywords

Biomass Hydrothermal liquefaction Catalysts 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryKarabük UniversityKarabükTurkey

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