Research in Higher Education

, Volume 59, Issue 6, pp 744–764 | Cite as

Measuring Undergraduates’ Innovation Capacities

  • Benjamin S. SelznickEmail author
  • Matthew J. Mayhew


This study describes the process of developing and validating an instrument that measures students’ innovation capacities as a higher education outcome. We introduce an interdisciplinary theoretical framework used to generate items and cover extant literature drawn primarily from the fields of higher education and entrepreneurship studies. We further discuss our use of latent trait theory and item response models to guide instrument development and measure scoring. We then provide the results of a second-order confirmatory factor modeling procedure, which indicated robust model fit. We close by discussing findings and offering implications for both higher education scholars and institutional researchers.


Innovation Measurement IRT College Impact 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the Merrifield Family Foundation for its generous support in funding this research.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Strategic LeadershipJames Madison UniversityHarrisonburgUSA
  2. 2.The William Ray and Marie Adamson Flesher Professor in Educational AdministrationThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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