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The ontogenetic development of the digestive tract and accessory glands of sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus L.) larvae during endogenous feeding

  • Arleta Wegner
  • Teresa Ostaszewska
  • Wojciech Rożek
Research Paper

Abstract

The process of differentiation of digestive tract structures in the sterlet Acipenser ruthenus (L.) larvae was studied from hatching to the beginning of exogenous feeding [9 dph (day post hatching)] using histological procedures. On the day of hatching the digestive tract was closed and completely filled with nutrients (the yolk platelets) that were successively utilized during development. A liver primordium was present in the ventral region of the yolksac. The pancreas was observed on the 2 dph. At the same time, the mouth opening took place. Glandular and nonglandular stomach and anterior and intermediate intestine developed from the yolksac walls. Gastric glands became visible on the 7 dph. The primary intestine developed into the spiral intestine. At the moment of onset of exogenous feeding the yolk material was completely exhausted and there was not mixed feeding observed in sterlet larvae. The fish started exogenous feeding on the 9 dph, which was accompanied with evacuation of melanin plug. At the end of endogenous feeding the digestive tract of sterlet larvae was developed and functional, so they could properly utilize food.

Keywords

Acipenser ruthenus Digestive tract Development Histology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present study was financed from the funds of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education (grant No N311 030 32/2256). The authors would like to express their thanks to Dr. Eugeniusz Bogdan from the Fish Farm “RYBA” in Olesnica, Poland for supplying fish.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arleta Wegner
    • 1
  • Teresa Ostaszewska
    • 1
  • Wojciech Rożek
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Animal ScienceWarsaw University of Life SciencesWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Fishing Enterprise “Carp”—Limited Liability CompanyOlesnicaPoland

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