International Review of Education

, Volume 50, Issue 3–4, pp 223–243 | Cite as

The Decentralisation Of Education In Kerala State, India: Rhetoric And Reality

  • Mullikottu-Veettil Mukundan
  • Mark Bray


The decentralisation of educational administration has been widely advocated as a strategy to promote local participation in education. However, the fact that this advocacy has a long history raises the question why decentralisation has not been achieved in more educational systems. The answers to this question are many and complex. Among them are difficulties with the implementation of reforms. The present study examines some of these difficulties in Kerala State, India. It determines that although Kerala has a strong reputation for political participation, the rhetoric of decentralisation in the educational sector has not matched the reality there. The lessons to be learned in this context have wide implications for the theory and practice of decentralisation in education.


Educational System Political Participation Wide Implication Local Participation Educational Sector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Educational Economics and AdministrationShenyang Normal UniversityShenyang, P.C.People’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Comparative Education Research Centre, Faculty of EducationThe University of Hong KongHong Kong, China

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