Innovative graphene microbial platforms for domestic wastewater treatment

  • Hanaa M. Hegab
  • Ahmed ElMekawy
  • Ben van den Akker
  • Milena Ginic-Markovic
  • Christopher Saint
  • Gayle Newcombe
  • Deepak Pant
review paper


Supplying clean water to fulfill human requirements is one of this century’s priorities. Global water resources are barely aligned with the rising demand, which is further aggravated by rising population, climate change and water quality problems. Consequently, there is a persistent need for innovative technologies to valorize unconventional water resources such as domestic wastewater. Graphene holds promising prospects in developing domestic wastewater treatment to qualitatively enhance treatment efficiency and quantitatively increase water supply. This review highlights the existing wastewater treatment processes along with their challenges according to South Australian wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) which are representative of many modern WWTPs. The discussion will also cover the current and potential applications of graphene for domestic wastewater treatment, as well as obstacles and research priorities required for commercialization.


Domestic wastewater Graphene Sludge Microbial platforms Wastewater treatment plant 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  2. 2.School of Chemical EngineeringThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Australian Water Quality Centre (AWQC) – South Australian Water Corporation (SA Water)AdelaideAustralia
  4. 4.Future Industries InstituteUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  5. 5.Natural and Built Environments Research CentreUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  6. 6.Separation and Conversion TechnologiesVITO - Flemish Institute for Technological ResearchMolBelgium

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