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Peroxidase mediated decolorization and remediation of wastewater containing industrial dyes: a review

  • Qayyum Husain
Review paper

Abstract

In this article an effort has been made to review literature based on the role of peroxidases in the treatment and decolorization of a wide spectrum aromatic dyes from polluted water. Peroxidases can catalyze degradation/transformation of aromatic dyes either by precipitation or by opening the aromatic ring structure. Peroxidases from plant sources; horseradish, turnip, tomato, soybean, bitter gourd, white radish and Saccharum uvarum and microbial sources; lignin peroxidases, manganese peroxidases, vanadium haloperoxidases, versatile peroxidases, dye decolorizing peroxidases have been employed for the remediation of commercial dyes. Soluble and immobilized peroxidases have been successfully exploited in batch as well as in continuous processes for the treatment of synthetic dyes with complex aromatic molecular structures present in industrial effluents at large scale. However, recalcitrant dyes were also decolorized by the action of peroxidases in the presence of redox mediators.

Keywords

Peroxidases Decolorization Remediation Aromatic dyes Industrial effluent Color 

Abbreviations

HRP

Horseradish peroxidase

BGP

Bitter gourd peroxidase

BPB

Bromophenol blue

Con A

Concanavalin A

COD

Chemical oxygen demand

DyP

Dye decolorizing peroxidase

HOBT

1-Hydroxybenzotriazole

LiP

Lignin peroxidase

MnP

Manganese peroxidase

MP 11

Microperoxidase 11

Mr

Molecular weight

rDyP

Recombinant dye decolorizing peroxidase

RBBR

Remazol brilliant blue R

SBP

Soybean peroxidase

SP

Sulfonaphthalein

TMP

Tomato peroxidase

TOC

Total organic carbon

TP

Turnip peroxidase

VHP

Vanadium haloperoxidase

VA

Veratryl alcohol

VP

Versatile peroxidase

VLA

Violuric acid

WRP

White radish peroxidase

WRF

White rot fungi

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is thankful to the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, Government of India for providing special grants to the Department in the form of DRS for developing infrastructure facilities.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life SciencesAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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