Review of Industrial Organization

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 163–191 | Cite as

A Comparison of National and International Innovation Cooperation in Five European Countries

  • Spyros Arvanitis
  • Thomas Bolli


This paper analyses the differences between national and international innovation cooperation in five European countries: Belgium, Germany, Norway, Portugal and Switzerland. We find that absorptive capacity, incoming spillovers, appropriability and risk-sharing are more important in an international context. Furthermore innovation performance is positively influenced by international cooperation, but remains unaffected by national cooperation. Despite the heterogeneity of the investigated countries, we find similar determinants and impacts of innovation cooperation.


National innovation cooperation International innovation cooperation Innovation performance 

JEL Classification



Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abramovsky L., Kremp E., Lopez A., Schmid T., Simpson H. (2009) Understanding cooperative R&D activity: Evidence from four European countries. Economics of Innovation and New Technology 18(3): 243–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aldieri L., Cincera M. (2009) Geographic and technological R&D spillovers within the triad: Micro evidence from US patents. Journal of Technology Transfer 34: 196–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arvanitis, S. (2008). How Do different motives for R&D cooperation affect firm performance?—An analysis based on Swiss micro data. KOF Working Papers No. 233, Zurich.Google Scholar
  4. Arvanitis S., Hollenstein H. (2004) Firm panel data from the Swiss innovation survey. Schmollers Jahrbuch 124(2): 305–314Google Scholar
  5. Audretsch D. B., Bozeman B., Combs K. L., Feldman M., Link A. N., Siegel D. S., Stephan P., Tassey G., Wessner C. (2002) The economics of science and technology. Journal of Technology Transfer 27: 155–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bathelt H., Malmberg A., Maskell P. (2003) Clusters and knowledge: Local buzz, global pipelines and the process of knowledge creation. Progress in Human Geography 28: 31–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Belderbos R., Carree M., Diesderen B., Lokshin B., Veugelers R. (2004a) Heterogeneity in R&D cooperation strategies. International Journal of Industrial Organization 22: 1237–1263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Belderbos R., Carree M., Lokshin B. (2004b) Cooperative R&D and firm performance. Research Policy 33: 1477–1492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Boardman C., Gray D. (2010) The new science and engineering management: Cooperative research centers as government policies, industry strategies, and organizations. Journal of Technology Transfer 35: 445–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bönte W., Keilbach M. (2005) Concubinage or marriage? Informal and formal cooperations for innovation. International Journal of Industrial Organization 23: 279–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Boschma R. A. (2005) Proximity and innovation: A critical assessment. Regional Studies 39(1): 61–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bottanzi L., Peri G. (2003) Innovation and spillovers in regions: Evidence from European patent data. European Economic Review 47: 687–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Caloghirou Y., Ioannides S., Vonortas N. S. (2003) Research joint ventures: A critical survey of the theoretical and empirical literature. Journal of Economic Surveys 17(4): 541–570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Caloghirou, Y. & Vonortas, N. S. (2000). Science and technology policies towards research joint ventures, Final Report, Project SOE1-CT97-1075, TSER. European Commission, DG XII, Brussels.Google Scholar
  15. Cassiman B., Veugelers R. (2002) R&D cooperation and spillovers: Some empirical evidence from Belgium. American Economic Review 92(4): 1169–1184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cohen W. M., Levinthal D. A. (1989) Innovation and learning: The two faces of R&D. Economic Journal 99: 569–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cohen W. M., Levinthal D. A. (1990) Absorptive capacity: A new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly 35: 128–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cooke P. (2006) Global bioregions: Knowledge domains, capabilities and innovation system networks. Industry and Innovation 13(4): 437–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Czarnitzki, D. & Fier, A. (2003). Publicly funded R&D collaboration and patent outcome in Germany. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 03-24, Center for European Economic Research, Mannheim.Google Scholar
  20. D’Aspremont C., Jacquemin A. (1988) Cooperative and non-cooperative R&D in duopoly with spillovers. American Economic Review 78(5): 1133–1137Google Scholar
  21. De Bondt R. (1996) Spillovers and innovative activities. International Journal of Industrial Organization 15: 1–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Eurostat. (2001). The third community innovation survey: Methodological recommendations.
  23. Faria, P. & Schmidt, T. (2007). International cooperation on innovation: Empirical evidence for German and Portuguese firms. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 07-060, Center for European Economic Research, Mannheim.Google Scholar
  24. Glaister K. W., Buckley P. J. (1996) Strategic motives for international alliance formation. Journal of Management Studies 33: 301–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hagedoorn J., Link A. N., Vonortas N. S. (2000) Research partnerships. Research Policy 29(4–5): 567–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hart D., Simmie J. (1997) Innovation, competition and the structure of local production networks: Initial findings from the Hertfordshire project. Local Economy 12(3): 235–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Jaklic, A., Damijan, J. P. & Rojec, M. (2008). Innovation cooperation and innovation activity of Slovenian enterprises. LICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance Discussion Paper No. 201, Ljubljana.Google Scholar
  28. Janz, N., Lööf, H. & Peters, B. (2003). Firm-level innovation and productivity—is there a common story across countries? ZEW Working Paper 03-26, Center for European Economic Research, Mannheim.Google Scholar
  29. Kaiser U. (2002) An empirical test of models explaining research expenditures and research cooperation: Evidence from the German service sector. International Journal of Industrial Organization 20: 747–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kamien M. I., Muller E., Zang I. (1992) Research joint ventures and R&D cartels. American Economic Review 82(5): 1293–1306Google Scholar
  31. Kemp, R. M. G., Folkeringa, M., de Jong, J. P. J. & Wubben, E. F. M. (2003). Innovation and firm performance. Research Report H2000207, SCALES, Zoetermeer.Google Scholar
  32. Klomp L., van Leeuwen G. (2001) Linking innovation and firm performance: A new approach. International Journal of the Economics of Business 8(3): 343–365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Leamer E. E., Storper M. (2001) The economic geography of the internet age. Journal of International Business Studies 32(4): 641–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Li J., Zhong J. (2003) Explaining the growth of international R&D alliances in China. Managerial and Decision Economics 24: 101–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Lindelöf P., Löfsten H. (2004) Proximity as a resource base for competitive advantage: University-industry links for technology transfer. Journal of Technology Transfer 29: 311–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lööf H. (2009) Multinational enterprises and innovation: Firm level evidence on spillover via R&D collaboration. Journal of Evolutionary Economics 19(1): 41–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lööf H., Heshmati A. (2002) Knowledge capital and performance heterogeneity: A firm-level innovation study. International Journal of Production Economics 76(1): 61–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lucking B. (2004) International comparisons of the third community innovation survey. Department of Trade and Industry, LondonGoogle Scholar
  39. Maskell P., Bathelt H., Malmberg A. (2006) Building global knowledge pipelines: The role of temporary clusters. European Planning Studies 14(8): 997–1013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Miotti L., Sachwald F. (2003) Cooperative R&D: Why and with whom? An integrated framework of analysis. Research Policy 32: 1481–1499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Morgan K. (1997) The learning region: Institutions, innovation and regional renewal. Regional Studies 31(5): 491–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. OECD. (1997). Oslo manual: Proposed guidelines for collecting and interpreting technological innovation data (2nd ed.). Paris.,3343,en_2649_34273_33847553_1_1_1_1,00.html.
  43. Rivers D., Vuong Q. H. (1988) Limited information estimators and exogeneity tests for simultaneous probit models. Journal of Econometrics 39: 347–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schmidt, T. (2005). Knowledge flows and R&D cooperation: Firm-level evidence from Germany. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 05-22, Center for European Economic Research, Mannheim.Google Scholar
  45. Simmie J. (2004) Innovation and space, a critical review of the literature. Regional Studies 39(6): 789–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Sonn J. W., Storper M. (2008) The increasing importance of geographical proximity in knowledge production: An analysis of US patent citations, 1975–1997. Environment and Planning 40: 1020–1039CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Storper M., Venables A. J. (2004) Buzz: Face-to-face contact and the urban economy. Journal of Economic Geography 4(4): 351–370Google Scholar
  48. Teece D. J. (1982) Towards an economic theory of the multiproduct firm. Journal of Economic Behaviour and Organization 3: 39–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Teece D. J., Pisano G., Shuen A. (1997) Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Management Journal 18: 509–533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Vernon R. (1966) International investment and international trade in the product cycle. Quarterly Journal of Economics 80: 190–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Vonortas N. S. (2000) Technology policy in the United States and the European Union: Shifting orientation towards technology users. Science and Public Policy 27(2): 97–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Waxell A., Malmberg A. (2007) What is global and what is local in knowledge-generating interaction? The case of the biotech cluster in Uppsala, Sweden. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 19: 137–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Woerter M. (2011) Driving forces for research and development strategies—an empirical analysis based on firm-level panel data. Economics of Innovation and New Technology 20(7): 611–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Wolfe D. A., Gertler M. S. (2004) Clusters from the inside and out: Local dynamics and global linkages. Urban Studies 41(5): 1071–1093CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.KOF Swiss Economic InstituteETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Economics DepartmentLancaster UniversityLancasterUK

Personalised recommendations