Financial Crisis and Credit Crunch in the Housing Market
- 811 Downloads
We investigate the recent financial crisis with an emphasis on the interlock among housing, mortgage, and credit markets. Following Geanakoplos (Econometric Society Monographs 2:170–205, 2003, 2010), we develop a model in which both prices of the mortgage and its collateral are simultaneously and endogenously determined. Our empirical tests confirm the model’s prediction that an adverse change in the risk free rate or the loan recovery rate can trigger the financial crisis as we observed. Finally, we discuss how the pro-cyclical leveraging practice by financial intermediaries can magnify their losses in mortgage-related assets and consequently cause significant contraction in the balance sheets of these firms.
KeywordsFinancial crisis Credit crunch Housing market Mortgage Leverage Collateral
The authors thank an anomalous referee for providing helpful comments. The authors are grateful to Edward Altman for providing the Altman-NYU Salomon Center Corporate Bond Default Master Database used in this study.
- Geanakoplos, J. (2003). Liquidity, default, and crashes, endogenous contracts in general equilibrium, in advances in economics and econometrics: theory and applications. Eighth World Conference, Econometric Society Monographs, 2, 170–205.Google Scholar
- Geanakoplos, J., (2010). The leverage cycle, in D. Acemoglu, K. Rogoff, and M. Woodford, (Eds.). NBER Macroeconomic Annual 2009, 24, 1–65, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Greenlaw, D., Hatzius, J., Kashyap, A, & Shin, H. (2008). in Leveraged Losses: lessons from the mortgage market meltdown, U.S. Monetary Policy Forum Report No. 2.Google Scholar
- He, Z. & Xiong, W. (2010). Financing speculative booms, Working Paper, University of Chicago and Princeton University.Google Scholar
- Rajan, R. (2010). Fault lines: how hidden fractures still threaten the world economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Reinhart, G., & Rogoff, K. (2009). This time is different: eight centuries of financial folly. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar