Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

, Volume 110, Issue 2, pp 529–541 | Cite as

Improved photocatalytic activity of Bi2O3 composites derived from a layered precursor

  • Jian Song
  • Weijie Yang
  • Feipeng Jiao
  • Jingang Yu


ZnO/Al2O3/Bi2O3 mixed-metal oxide (ZnAlBi-MMO) has been successfully prepared by the coprecipitation method and controllable calcination. Powder X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectra confirmed the structure of as-synthesized solids. The results reveal that the synthetic methods can provide the heterostructure of MMO. The photocatalytic activity of ZnAlBi-MMO was evaluated by the photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) under visible light irradiation. Factors that may affect the photodegradation behavior were studied such as calcination temperature, catalyst dose and pH. Furthermore, the stability of synthesized photocatalysts was investigated by studying the photocatalytic ability of reclaimed ZnAlBi-MMO. The results showed the removal efficiency of MB was higher than 83 % even after four successive photoreactions, demonstrating the great potential of layered double hydroxides as catalyst supports. The possible mechanism underlying the enhanced photocatalytic activity of Bi2O3 was also discussed.


Bi2O3 Photocatalysts Visible light Dye degradation Layered double hydroxides 



The authors would like to thank National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21176263) for the financial supports of this work.


  1. 1.
    Bian ZF, Zhu J, Wang SH, Cao Y, Qian XF, Li HX (2008) Self-assembly of active Bi2O3/TiO2 visible photocatalyst with ordered mesoporous structure and highly crystallized anatase. J Phys Chem C 112:6258–6262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang L, Hashimoto Y, Taishi T, Nakamura I, Ni QQ (2011) Fabrication of flower-shaped Bi2O3 superstructure by a facile template-free process. Appl Surf Sci 257:6577–6582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Anandan S, Lee GJ, Chen PK, Fan CH, Wu JJ (2010) Removal of orange II dye in water by visible light assisted photocatalytic ozonation using Bi2O3 and Au/Bi2O3 nanorods. Ind Eng Chem Res 49:9729–9737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Liu YD, Xin F, Wang FM, Luo SX, Yin XH (2010) Synthesis, characterization, and activities of visible light-driven Bi2O3–TiO2 composite photocatalysts. J Alloy Compd 498:179–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Abdulkarem AM, Aref AA, Abdulhabeeb A, Li YF, Yu Y (2013) Synthesis of Bi2O3/Cu2O nanoflowers by hydrothermal method and its photocatalytic activity enhancement under simulated sunlight. J Alloy Compd 560:132–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fan HM, Li HY, Liu BK, Lu YC, Xie TF, Wang DJ (2012) Photoinduced charge transfer properties and photocatalytic activity in Bi2O3/BaTiO3 composite photocatalyst. Appl Mater Interfaces 4:4853–4857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Thakral V, Bhardwaj N, Uma S (2012) Synthesis and structural investigation of a unique columnar phase in the Bi2O3–TeO2–V2O5 system. Inorg Chem 51:1462–1470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li LZ, Yan B (2009) CeO2–Bi2O3 nanocomposite: two step synthesis, microstructure and photocatalytic activity. J Non-Cryst Solids 355:776–779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li EJ, Xia K, Yin SF, Dai WL, Luo SL, Au CT (2011) Preparation, characterization and photocatalytic activity of Bi2O3–MgO composites. Mater Chem Phys 125:236–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shen YD, Li YW, Li WM, Zhang JZ, Hu ZG, Chu JH (2012) Growth of Bi2O3 ultrathin films by atomic layer deposition. J Phys Chem C 116:3449–3456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Li XN, Huang RK, Hu YH, Chen YJ, Liu WJ, Yuan RS, Li ZH (2012) A templated method to Bi2WO6 hollow microspheres and their conversion to double-shell Bi2O3/Bi2WO6 hollow microspheres with improved photocatalytic performance. Inorg Chem 51:6245–6250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Balachandran S, Swaminathan M (2012) Facile fabrication of heterostructured Bi2O3–ZnO photocatalyst and its enhanced photocatalytic activity. J Phys Chem C 116:26306–26312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cavani F, Trifiro F, Vaccari A (1991) Hydrotalcite type anionic clays: preparation, properties and applications. Catal Today 11:173–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Benito P, Labajos FM, Rocha J, Rives V (2006) Influence of microwave radiation on the textural properties of layered double hydroxides. Micropor Mesopor Mat 94:148–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dvininov E, Ignat M, Barvinschi P, Smithers MA, Popovici E (2010) New SnO2/MgAl-layered double hydroxide composites as photocatalysts for cationic dyes bleaching. J Hazard Mater 177:150–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Valente JS, Tzompantzi F, Prince J (2011) Highly efficient photocatalytic elimination of phenol and chlorinated phenols by CeO2/MgAl layered double hydroxides. Appl Catal B 102:276–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shao MF, Han JB, Wei M, Evans DG, Duan X (2011) The synthesis of hierarchical Zn–Ti layered double hydroxide for efficient visible-light photocatalysis. Chem Eng J 168:519–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Saber O, Tagaya H (2003) Newlayered double hydroxide, Zn–Ti LDH: preparation and intercalation reactions. J Incl Phenom Macro 45:109–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wu ZF, Huang FZ, Shen YH, Xie AJ, Song XQ (2011) Facile fabrication and optical property of β-Bi2O3 with novel porous nanoring and nanoplate superstructures. J Nanopart Res 13:4575–4582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liu L, Jiang J, Jin SM, Xia ZM, Tang MT (2011) Hydrothermal synthesis of β-bismuth oxide nanowires from particles. CrystEngComm 13:2529–2532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kim JY, Kang SH, Kim HS, Sung YE (2010) Preparation of highly ordered mesoporous Al2O3/TiO2 and its application in dye-sensitized solar cells. Langmuir 26:2864–2870CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Xu X, Lu R, Zhao X, Xu S, Lei X, Zhang F, Evans DG (2011) Fabrication and photocatalytic performance of a ZnxCd1−xS solid solution prepared by sulfuration of a single layered double hydroxide precursor. Appl Catal B 102:147–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kim W, Tachikawa T, Majima T, Choi W (2009) Photocatalysis of dye-sensitized TiO2 nanoparticles with thin overcoat of Al2O3: enhanced activity for H2 production and dechlorination of CCl4. J Phys Chem C 113:10603–10609CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian Song
    • 1
  • Weijie Yang
    • 1
  • Feipeng Jiao
    • 1
  • Jingang Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations