We report on the results of studying the radio emission of the Rydberg states of atoms and molecules in the Earth’s upper atmosphere at ionospheric altitudes when the ionosphere is modified by high-power HF radio waves radiated by the Sura heating facility. Radio emission from the upper atmosphere, caused by the emission of highly excited Rydberg atoms and molecules with the principal quantum number n = 163–169 and n = 225 (decimeter wavelength range) and two spectral features that coincide with the frequencies of transitions between Rydberg states m = 169 → n = 168 with the transition frequency νn = 1375.35 MHz and m = 166 → n = 165 with νn = 1451.5 MHz were detected. Characteristic altitudes of the Rydberg radiation generation region were 150–250 km. The radio emission intensity corresponds to 10–45 K, which is comparable with the intensity of the radio emission generated during solar flares.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
E. A. Benediktov, Yu. S.Korobkov, N. A. Mityakov, et al., Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiophys., 3, No. 6, 957 (1960).
V. S.Troitskii, L.N.Bondar’, and A.M. Starodubtsev, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 212, No. 3, 719 (1973).
V. S.Troitskii, A.M. Starodubtsev, L.N.Bondar’, et al., Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 16, No. 3, 239 (1973).
L.N.Bondar’, K.M. Sterzhneva, and V.S. Troitskii, Astron. Vestnik, 9, No. 4, 210 (1975).
S. I. Musatenko, Geomagn. Aéron., 20, No. 5, 884 (1980).
S.V.Avakyan, A. E. Serova, and N.A.Voronin, Geomagn. Aéron., 37, No. 3, 99 (1977).
R. L. Sorochenko and M.A.Gordon, Recombination Radio Lines. Physics and Astronomy, Fizmatlit, Moscow (2003).
S. M. Grach, V. M. Fridman, L. M. Lifshits, et al., Ann. Geophysicae, 20, No. 10, 1687 (2002).
M. G. Golubkov, D. Sc. Thesis “Collective Rydberg states in the Earth’s upper atmosphere” [in Russian], Federal Research Center of Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (2015).
V. L.Krauklis, G.A. Nikol’sky, M.M. Safronova, and E.O. Shults, Oceanic Optics, 3, No. 3, 20 (1990).
S. V. Avakyan and N. A.Voronin, Issled. Zemli Kosm., No. 2, 28 (2007).
S. V. Avakyan, A. V.Troitskii, and S.A.Chernous, in: Proc. 17th All-Union Sci. Techn. Conf. “Topical Problems of Safety and Protection,” St.Petersburg, April 2–3, 2014, p. 116.
A. V. Gurevich, Nonlinear Phenomena in the Ionosphere, Springer, New York (1978).
A. V. Gurevich, Phys. Usp., 50, No. 11, 1091 (2007).
A. V. Streltsov, J.-J. Berthelier, A. A.Chernyshov, et al., Space Sci. Rev., 214, No. 8, 118 (2018).
V. L. Frolov, Artificial Turbulence of the Midlatitude Ionosphere [in Russian], NNSU Press, Nizhny Novgorod (2017).
V. L. Frolov, A.D.Akchurin, I. A. Bolotin, et al., Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 62, No. 9, 571 (2020).
Translated from Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika, Vol. 62, No. 10, pp. 759–768, October 2019.
About this article
Cite this article
Troitskii, A.V., Frolov, V.L., Vostokov, A.V. et al. Radio Emission of Rydberg Atoms in the Upper Atmosphere Modified by High-Power HF Radio Waves. Radiophys Quantum El 62, 677–684 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11141-020-10013-3