Radio Emission of Rydberg Atoms in the Upper Atmosphere Modified by High-Power HF Radio Waves

We report on the results of studying the radio emission of the Rydberg states of atoms and molecules in the Earth’s upper atmosphere at ionospheric altitudes when the ionosphere is modified by high-power HF radio waves radiated by the Sura heating facility. Radio emission from the upper atmosphere, caused by the emission of highly excited Rydberg atoms and molecules with the principal quantum number n = 163–169 and n = 225 (decimeter wavelength range) and two spectral features that coincide with the frequencies of transitions between Rydberg states m = 169 → n = 168 with the transition frequency νn = 1375.35 MHz and m = 166 → n = 165 with νn = 1451.5 MHz were detected. Characteristic altitudes of the Rydberg radiation generation region were 150–250 km. The radio emission intensity corresponds to 10–45 K, which is comparable with the intensity of the radio emission generated during solar flares.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    E. A. Benediktov, Yu. S.Korobkov, N. A. Mityakov, et al., Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiophys., 3, No. 6, 957 (1960).

  2. 2.

    V. S.Troitskii, L.N.Bondar’, and A.M. Starodubtsev, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 212, No. 3, 719 (1973).

  3. 3.

    V. S.Troitskii, A.M. Starodubtsev, L.N.Bondar’, et al., Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 16, No. 3, 239 (1973).

  4. 4.

    L.N.Bondar’, K.M. Sterzhneva, and V.S. Troitskii, Astron. Vestnik, 9, No. 4, 210 (1975).

  5. 5.

    S. I. Musatenko, Geomagn. Aéron., 20, No. 5, 884 (1980).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    S.V.Avakyan, A. E. Serova, and N.A.Voronin, Geomagn. Aéron., 37, No. 3, 99 (1977).

  7. 7.

    R. L. Sorochenko and M.A.Gordon, Recombination Radio Lines. Physics and Astronomy, Fizmatlit, Moscow (2003).

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    S. M. Grach, V. M. Fridman, L. M. Lifshits, et al., Ann. Geophysicae, 20, No. 10, 1687 (2002).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    M. G. Golubkov, D. Sc. Thesis “Collective Rydberg states in the Earth’s upper atmosphere” [in Russian], Federal Research Center of Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (2015).

  10. 10.

    V. L.Krauklis, G.A. Nikol’sky, M.M. Safronova, and E.O. Shults, Oceanic Optics, 3, No. 3, 20 (1990).

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    S. V. Avakyan and N. A.Voronin, Issled. Zemli Kosm., No. 2, 28 (2007).

  12. 12.

    S. V. Avakyan, A. V.Troitskii, and S.A.Chernous, in: Proc. 17th All-Union Sci. Techn. Conf. “Topical Problems of Safety and Protection,” St.Petersburg, April 2–3, 2014, p. 116.

  13. 13.

    A. V. Gurevich, Nonlinear Phenomena in the Ionosphere, Springer, New York (1978).

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    A. V. Gurevich, Phys. Usp., 50, No. 11, 1091 (2007).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    A. V. Streltsov, J.-J. Berthelier, A. A.Chernyshov, et al., Space Sci. Rev., 214, No. 8, 118 (2018).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    V. L. Frolov, Artificial Turbulence of the Midlatitude Ionosphere [in Russian], NNSU Press, Nizhny Novgorod (2017).

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    V. L. Frolov, A.D.Akchurin, I. A. Bolotin, et al., Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 62, No. 9, 571 (2020).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. V. Troitskii.

Additional information

Translated from Izvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Radiofizika, Vol. 62, No. 10, pp. 759–768, October 2019.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Troitskii, A.V., Frolov, V.L., Vostokov, A.V. et al. Radio Emission of Rydberg Atoms in the Upper Atmosphere Modified by High-Power HF Radio Waves. Radiophys Quantum El 62, 677–684 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11141-020-10013-3

Download citation