Advertisement

Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 60, Issue 12, pp 960–977 | Cite as

Single-Station Location of Radio Emission Sources in the Decameter Wavelength Range Using a Wide-Aperture Direction Finder and a Chirp Ionosonde–Radio Direction Finder

  • G. G. Vertogradov
  • V. P. Uryadov
  • E. G. Chaika
  • V. A. Valov
  • F. I. Vybornov
  • A. V. Pershin
  • A. S. Starodubrovsky
Article

We present the results of single-station location of radio emission sources on the mid-latitude Vasil’sursk—Rostov-on-Don path using a wide-aperture direction finder and a chirp ionosonde–radio direction finder. Methods for determining the arrival angles under conditions of multipath reception of radio signals are described. It is shown that when single- and double-hop propagation modes are separated by different direction-finding techniques, deviations of the arrival angles reach 5° in the azimuthal plane and up to 10◦ in the elevation plane, which is due to the traveling ionospheric disturbances. It is established that under conditions of a sporadic Es layer, the chirptransmitter azimuth with averaging over frequency and sounding sessions can be determined to an accuracy of 0.1°. When regular 1F and 2F propagation modes are used to estimate the chirptransmitter azimuth, the average errors are 0.5° and 1°–2°, respectively. An algorithm for solving the inverse problem, by which the coordinates of the radio emission sources can be determined from the arrival angles using both the IRI-2012 ionospheric prediction model and correction of the data from the vertical sounding station at the reception point, have been developed. It is shown that the average error in determining the range to radio emission sources is 13%.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    I. V. Popov, V. I. Lutsenko, and V. I. Lutsenko, Modern Problems in Radio Electronics [in Russian], Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow (2006), p. 25.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. N. Tkachev, I. V. Gotovits, and B. N. Krylov, in: Proc. IV All-Russia Conf. “Radio Location and Radio Communication,” Moscow, November 29–December 3, 2010, Inst. Radio Electron., Rus. Acad. Sci., p. 264.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. G. Vertogradov, V. P. Uryadov, E. G. Vertogradova, and A. A. Ponyatov, Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 53, No. 3, 161 (2010).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. G. Vertogradov, V. P. Uryadov, V. G. Vertogradov, et al., Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 56, No. 5, 259 (2013).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    V. P. Uryadov, G. G. Vertogradov, M. S. Sklyarevaky, and F. I. Vybornov, Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 60, No. 9, 688 (2017).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. G. Barabashov, G. G. Vertogradov, and A. A. Hondu, Radiotekhnika, No. 9, 3 (1987).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. G. Vertogradov, V. G. Vertogradov, E. V. Kondakov, and V. N. Shevchenko, RF Patent 2285934, MPK G01S 5/04, ”The method of single-station location of decameter wave-band transmitters” [in Russian], claimed: June 15, 2004, published: October 20, 2006, Bull. No. 29.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. G. Vertogradov and E. V. Kondakov, Geomagn. Aeron., 43, No. 6, 746 (2003).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. F. Denisenko, G. G. Vertogradov, V. N. Shevchenko, and E. V. Kuznetsov, Élektromagn. Volny Élektron. Sist., 11, No. 5, 24 (2006).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    B. G. Barabashov and O. A. Mal’tseva, Trudy NIIR, 120 (2003).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Bilitza, D. Altadill, Y. Zhang, et al., J. Space Weather Space Clim., 4, No. A07 (2014).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. G. Vertogradov and E. G. Chaika, Radiotekhnika, No. 11, 217 (2016).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Lay, in: Int. Conf. Radar. Adelaide, Australia, 2–5 Sept. 2008, p. 309.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Lay, in: Institution Engineering and Technology 11th Int. Conf. Ionospheric Radio Systems and Techniques, 28–30 April 2009, p.1.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Y. Erhel and F. Marie, in: Military Communications Conf. Otlanto, USA, 29–31 Oct. 2007, p.1.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    P. J. D. Gething, Radio Direction Finding and Resolution of Multicomponent Wave-Fields, Peter Peregrinus Ltd, London (1976).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. J. D. Gething, Radio Direction Finding and Superresolution, Peter Peregrinus Ltd, London (1990).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. V. Ratynsky, Adaptation and Superresolution in Antenna Arrays [in Russian], Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow (2003).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. A. Greshilov, Ill-Posed Problems of Digital Processing of Information and Signals [in Russian], Universitetskaya Kniga, Logos, Moscow (2009).MATHGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. L. Marple Jr., Digital Spectral Analysis: with Applications, Prentice-Hall, Inc, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA (1986).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    G. G. Vertogradov and Yu. P. Myatezhnikov, Geomagn. Aeron., 44, No. 3, 328 (2004).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. N. Shevchenko, G. S. Emel’yanov, and G. G. Vertogradov, RF Patent 2190236, MPK 7G01S 5/04“The method of detection and determination of two-dimensional bearing and frequency of radio emission sources” [in Russian], claimed: September 13, 2000, published: September 27, 2002, Bull. No. 27.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    G. G. Vertogradov, V. P. Uryadov, M. S. Sklyarevsky, and V. A. Valov, Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 59, No. 11, 888 (2016).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. A. Valov, G. G. Vertogradov, V. G. Vertogradov, et al., Fiz. Osn. Priborostr., 1, No. 4, 24 (2012).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
    B. G. Barabashov and G. G. Vertogradov, Matem. Model., 8, No. 2, 3 (1996).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    G. G. Vertogradov, J. Commun. Tech. Electron., 48, No. 11, 1213 (2003).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    G. G. Vertogradov, V. G. Vertogradov, and V. P. Uryadov, Radiophys. Quantum Electron., 49, No. 12, 923 (2006).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. G. Vertogradov
    • 1
  • V. P. Uryadov
    • 2
    • 3
  • E. G. Chaika
    • 1
  • V. A. Valov
    • 3
  • F. I. Vybornov
    • 2
  • A. V. Pershin
    • 2
  • A. S. Starodubrovsky
    • 3
  1. 1.Southern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia
  2. 2.Radiophysical Research Institute of N. I. Lobachevsky State University of Nizhny NovgorodNizhny NovgorodRussia
  3. 3.Polyot, a scientific and production enterpriseNizhny NovgorodRussia

Personalised recommendations