Non-great-circle propagation modes on the high-latitude HF radio path
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We consider characteristics of the non-great-circle signals on the Murmansk—St. Petersburg oblique sounding path with a distance of 1050 km. The path crosses the main ionospheric trough and is highly influenced by the trough’s polar wall and the boundary of diffuse precipitations. Field-aligned ionospheric irregularities and ionization gradients are often observed in this area. The data analysis was performed for quiet, moderately disturbed, and strongly disturbed conditions and for different local times. The main results are as follows. Non-great-circle signals in the form of scattered waves mostly occur in the nighttime hours. The nighttime non-great-circle signals always appear under both quiet and disturbed conditions, while the signals reflected from the ionization gradients appear at any local time during the disturbed periods (storms, substorms). Non-great-circle signals with intense reflections from the ionization gradients are most often observed during a moderate disturbance, especially in the nighttime hours. The ray-tracing model of non-great-circle propagation shows that the calculated oblique sounding ionograms generally coincide with the experimental ones.
KeywordsRadio Wave Ionization Gradient Auroral Oval Ionospheric Irregularity Range Spread
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