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Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 48, Issue 10–11, pp 859–864 | Cite as

Terahertz heterodyne receivers based on superconductive hot-electron bolometer mixers

  • M. I. Finkel
  • S. N. Maslennikov
  • G. N. Gol’tsman
Article

Abstract

We consider recent results in development of hot-electron bolometer mixers. Special attention is paid to optimization of the contacts between the antenna and the active area of a superconducting film. An important result in the study of the parasitic effect of direct detection is obtained during the measurement of the noise temperatures by the hot/cold load method. The latest results of studies of the waveguide hot-electron bolometer mixers and their successful practical applications are considered. Progress in development of high-frequency (over 1.3 THz) heterodyne receivers for several important international projects is discussed and new submillimeter radio astronomy projects ESPRIT and SAFIR are described.

Keywords

Recent Result Active Area Quantum Electronics Late Result Nonlinear Optic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. I. Finkel
    • 1
  • S. N. Maslennikov
    • 1
  • G. N. Gol’tsman
    • 1
  1. 1.Moscow Pedagogical UniversityMoscowRussia

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