Radiophysics and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 48, Issue 9, pp 673–685 | Cite as

New Results of Studying the Lower Ionosphere by the Method of Resonance Scattering of Radio Waves from Artificial Periodic Inhomogeneities

  • N. V. Bakhmet'eva
  • V. V. Belikovich
  • L. M. Kagan
  • A. A. Ponyatov
  • A. V. Tolmacheva
  • M. C. Kelley
  • M. J. Nicolls


We present the results of studying the lower ionosphere in 2000–2004 at the “Sura” heating facility by the method of resonance scattering of radio waves from artificial periodic inhomogeneities of the ionospheric plasma. Experimental data on a study of the sunset–sunrise phenomena in the ionospheric D region and the possibility of determining the concentrations of atomic oxygen and excited molecular oxygen are discussed. The results of studying the sporadic layers of ionization are presented and the method for a study of ion composition of the Es layer is discussed. Data of the August 2004 experiments on a study of the influence of heating the ionosphere on the Es layer and characteristics of artificial periodic inhomogeneities are presented. Prospects for further research are discussed.


Oxygen Experimental Data Atomic Oxygen Molecular Oxygen Quantum Electronics 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. V. Bakhmet'eva
    • 1
  • V. V. Belikovich
    • 1
  • L. M. Kagan
    • 2
  • A. A. Ponyatov
    • 1
  • A. V. Tolmacheva
    • 1
  • M. C. Kelley
    • 3
  • M. J. Nicolls
    • 3
  1. 1.Radiophysical Research InstituteNizhny NovgorodRussia
  2. 2.University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  3. 3.Cornell UniversityIthacaUSA

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