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Quality of Life Research

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 661–669 | Cite as

Quality of life and socio-dental impact among underprivileged Brazilian adolescents

  • Fabiana de Lima Vazquez
  • Karine Laura Cortellazzi
  • Armando Koichiro Kaieda
  • Luciane Miranda Guerra
  • Glaucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano
  • Elaine Pereira da Silva Tagliaferro
  • Fábio Luiz Mialhe
  • Marcelo de Castro Meneghim
  • Antonio Carlos Pereira
Article

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the influence of clinical variables, individual and contextual characteristics on the quality of life (QL) of underprivileged adolescents in a municipality in the interior of the State of São Paulo, Brazil.

Methods

An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Piracicaba, in 2012, with 1,172 adolescents aged 15–19 years, from 21 state schools and 34 Family Health Units. The dependent variables included the socio-dental impact (OIDP) and quality of life (WHOQOL-bref) indices. The dependent variables were classified as individual (DMFT index, CPI Index, age, sex, income, parents’ educational level) and contextual (Social Exclusion Index) variable. The multilevel regression model was estimated by the PROC GLIMMIX (“Generalized Linear Models-Mixed”) procedure, considering the individuals’ variables as being Level 1 and the contextual variables as being Level 2, and the statistical significance was evaluated at level of significance of 5 %.

Results

Girls were found to have the worst QL (p < 0.000) and greatest OIDP (p = 0.000). There was an increase in OIDP (p < 0.001) and diminished QL (p < 0.052) with an increase in the periodontal index. This result is marginally significant since the significance probability is marginally greater than 0.05. In turn, there was an increase in QL (p = 0.000) and reduction in OIDP (p < 0.000) with an increase in the family income. Adolescents who resided in areas of greatest social exclusion (p = 0.031) and with greater OIDP (p < 0.000) presented the worst QL.

Conclusion

Individual and contextual variables were related to the OIDP and QL in underprivileged Brazilian adolescents.

Keywords

Oral health Adolescent Quality of life Multilevel analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the volunteers, the school principals and PHC units, for allowing the research carried out. This research was supported by FAPESP—São Paulo Research Foundation (Grants #2011/03657-5 and #2011/01768-4).

Ethical standard

The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas (UNICAMP) (protocol number #027/2011) in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. Consent was obtained from the parents before starting the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabiana de Lima Vazquez
    • 1
  • Karine Laura Cortellazzi
    • 1
  • Armando Koichiro Kaieda
    • 1
  • Luciane Miranda Guerra
    • 1
  • Glaucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano
    • 1
  • Elaine Pereira da Silva Tagliaferro
    • 2
  • Fábio Luiz Mialhe
    • 1
  • Marcelo de Castro Meneghim
    • 1
  • Antonio Carlos Pereira
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Community Dentistry, Piracicaba Dental SchoolState University of Campinas, São PauloPiracicabaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Community Dentistry, Araraquara Dental SchoolUniv Estadual Paulista, São PauloAraraquaraBrazil

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