The effect of Tai Chi on health-related quality of life in people with elevated blood glucose or diabetes: a randomized controlled trial
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The aim was to assess the effects of a Tai Chi–based program on health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) in people with elevated blood glucose or diabetes who were not on medication for glucose control.
41 participants were randomly allocated to either a Tai Chi intervention group (N = 20) or a usual medical-care control group (N = 21). The Tai Chi group involved 3 × 1.5 h supervised and group-based training sessions per week for 12 weeks. Indicators of HR-QOL were assessed by self-report survey immediately prior to and after the intervention.
There were significant improvements in favor of the Tai Chi group for the SF36 subscales of physical functioning (mean difference = 5.46, 95 % CI = 1.35–9.57, P < 0.05), role physical (mean difference = 18.60, 95 % CI = 2.16–35.05, P < 0.05), bodily pain (mean difference = 9.88, 95 % CI = 2.06–17.69, P < 0.05) and vitality (mean difference = 9.96, 95 % CI = 0.77–19.15, P < 0.05).
The findings show that this Tai Chi program improved indicators of HR-QOL including physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain and vitality in people with elevated blood glucose or diabetes who were not on diabetes medication.
KeywordsTai Chi Exercise Quality of life Elevated blood glucose Diabetes
Health-related quality of life
This research was funded by a grant from the Diabetes Australia Research Trust and an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) program grant (ID 301200). At the time of preparing this paper, NWB was supported by an NHMRC Program Grant (ID 569940) and XL was supported by a National Heart Foundation and beyondblue Strategic Research Project (ID G 08B 4034). We acknowledge the support of The University of Queensland St John’s College in providing the training venue for this trial. We especially acknowledge the study participants. The authors have no relevant conflict of interest to disclose.
Conflict of Interest
All authors have no financial disclosure.
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