Quality of Life Research

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 131–135 | Cite as

Validation of a new patient-generated questionnaire for quality of life in an urban sample of elder residents

  • Martin Holzhausen
  • Peter Martus
Brief Communication



To provide evidence for the validity of the Fragebogen zur Lebensqualität multimorbider älterer Menschen (FLQM; English: Quality of life in elders with multimorbidity), a new tool for the assessment of life-satisfaction as a subjective indicator of quality of life in old age.


The FLQM measures overall life-satisfaction based on those self-generated domains in life that are most important to the respondent. Construct validity (correlations with convergent and divergent scales) and differential validity (subgroup differences with respect to age and limitations in everyday functioning) were analyzed in an urban sample of older adults (n = 299; 54.6% male; Mean (age) = 75.65 years, SD = 6.57).


Correlations of FLQM with measures of similar constructs were close (r = 0.35–0.50; p < 0.001). There were no age-group differences. However, subjects with self-reported impairment in functioning scored significantly lower on the FLQM. Also, the relationship between FLQM and self-rated health was close (r = 0.44; p < 0.001).


The FLQM is a valid assessment of older peoples’ life-satisfaction. The focus on domains of utmost individual importance seems to link the FLQM to self-rated health more closely than other ratings of global life-satisfaction. Further investigation into the qualitative information obtained by the FLQM is desirable in order to explain individual compositions of life-satisfaction and overall quality of life.


Quality of life Old age Life-satisfaction Validation study Methods 



The project which inspired this article was funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research under Grant Number 01ET0701. It was approved by the ethics committee of Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Ethikausschuss 1 am Campus Charité—Mitte) under approval number EA2/066/08 on July 14, 2008. The contents of this publication are solely the responsibility of the authors.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOC 36 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biometry and Clinical EpidemiologyCharité—Universitätsmedizin BerlinBerlinGermany

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