The PedsQL™ Multidimensional Fatigue Scale in young adults: feasibility, reliability and validity in a University student population
Background and objective
The PedsQL™ (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™) is a modular instrument designed to measure health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and disease-specific symptoms in children and adolescents ages 2–18. The PedsQL™ Multidimensional Fatigue Scale was designed as a generic symptom-specific instrument to measure fatigue in pediatric patients ages 2–18. Since a sizeable number of pediatric patients prefer to remain with their pediatric providers after age 18, the objective of the present study was to determine the feasibility, reliability, and validity of the PedsQL™ Multidimensional Fatigue Scale in young adults.
The 18-item PedsQL™ Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (General Fatigue, Sleep/Rest Fatigue, and Cognitive Fatigue domains), the PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales Young Adult Version, and the SF-8™ Health Survey were completed by 423 university students ages 18–25.
The PedsQL™ Multidimensional Fatigue Scale evidenced minimal missing responses, achieved excellent reliability for the Total Scale Score (α = 0.90), distinguished between healthy young adults and young adults with chronic health conditions, was significantly correlated with the relevant PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales and the SF-8™ standardized scores, and demonstrated a factor-derived structure largely consistent with the a priori conceptual model.
The results demonstrate the measurement properties of the PedsQL™ Multidimensional Fatigue Scale in a convenience sample of young adult university students. The findings suggest that the PedsQL™ Multidimensional Fatigue Scale may be utilized in the evaluation of fatigue for a broad age range.
KeywordsPedsQL™ Fatigue Young adults Self-report University students Patient-reported outcomes Health-related quality of life SF-8™ Health survey
Funding: This research was supported by an intramural grant from the Texas A&M University Research Foundation.
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