A strategic management approach for Korean public research institutes based on bibliometric investigation
- 233 Downloads
As a process of knowledge manufacture, research activities are interpretable from the well-known economic perspectives of production and consumption. We therefore aim to investigate the contents of institutes’ research portfolio from a knowledge production and consumption perspective. A Hirsch-type-index and mean reference age serve as indicators of knowledge activity. Based on both indicators, we divide research institutes into four categories. This approach is applied to Government-funded Research Institutes (GRIs) in Korea that are dedicated to major disciplines within science and technology. We recognize GRIs’ contribution to the development in the characteristic areas. A tailored enhancement strategy is discussed for promising GRIs to improve their knowledge activity. Our results have implications for GRIs’ research portfolio management. In terms of R&D portfolio constitution, we reveal that Korean GRIs’ research themes concentrate on the strategic research such as chemistry, information and communications technology, and semiconductors. We also point out the possible fragility of the national R&D system, as national leading technologies are reliant on a few giant institutes.
KeywordsResearch portfolio Public research institutes Knowledge production Knowledge consumption
The authors are grateful to the editors of the journal and the reviewers for their support and work throughout the process. This work is supported by Mid-career Researcher Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2013R1A2A2A04017095) and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (2010-0021987).
- Ball, R., Mittermaier, B., Tunger, D.: Creation of journal-based publication profiles of scientific institutions—a methodology for the interdisciplinary comparison of scientific research based on the J-factor. Scientometrics 81(2), 381–392 (2009). doi: 10.1007/s11192-009-2120-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cho, H.-D., Hwang, Y.S., Kim, W.D., Sung, T.-K., Lee, D., Lee, B.-H., Kang, Y., Lee, K.: The evolution of public research systems of major countries and policy recommendations for Korea [Original title and text in Korean]. In: Research Policy, vol. 19. STEPI (2007)Google Scholar
- Cho, S.K., Kim, O.T.: From science popularization to public engagement: the history of science communication in Korea. Sci. Commun. World 181–191 (2012). doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-4279-6_12.
- Chun, S., Park, S., Cha, J.: Analysis of Korean government-funded research institutes and policy implications for deriving development direction [Original Title and Text in Korean]. In: Issue Paper, vol. 11. KISTEP (2009)Google Scholar
- Egghe, L.: An improvement of the h-index: the g-index. ISSI Newsl. 2(1), 8–9 (2006a)Google Scholar
- Gini, C.: Variabilità e mutabilità. Reprinted in Memorie di metodologica statistica. In: Pizetti, E., Salvemini, T. (eds.), vol. 1. Libreria Eredi Virgilio Veschi, Rome (1912)Google Scholar
- Harzing, A.-W., Alakangas, S., Adams, D.: hIa: an individual annual h-index to accommodate disciplinary and career length differences. Scientometrics (2013). doi: 10.1007/s11192-013-1208-0
- Jaffe, K.: Science, religion and economic development. Interciencia 30(6), 370–373 (2005)Google Scholar
- Jaffe, K., Caicedo, M., Manzanares, M., Gil, M., Rios, A., Florez, A., Montoreano, C., Davila, V.: Productivity in physical and chemical science predicts the future economic growth of developing countries better than other popular indices. PLoS One 8(6), e66239 (2013). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066239 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Jin, B.H.: H-index: an evaluation indicator proposed by scientist. Sci. Focus 1(1), 8–9 (2006)Google Scholar
- Kim, Y.-S.: Korea’s technology policy for industrialization: imported technology for economic development. Korea J. Popul. Dev. 21(1) (1992).Google Scholar
- Lee, B.: Research Counciles’ plan for strengthening specialy [Original title and text in Korean]. In. KRISS, (2002).Google Scholar
- Luz, M.P., Marques-Portella, C., Mendlowicz, M., Gleiser, S., Silva Freire Coutinho, E., Figueira, I.: Institutional h-index: the performance of a new metric in the evaluation of Brazilian psychiatric post-graduation programs. Scientometrics 77(2), 361–368 (2008). doi: 10.1007/s11192-007-1964-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mazzoleni, R., Nelson, R.: The roles of research at universities and public labs in economic catch-up. Working Paper. Initiative for Policy Dialogue, Columbia University, Nova York (2005)Google Scholar
- Moya-Anegon, F., Herrero-Solana, V.: Worldwide topology of the scientific subject profile: a macro approach on the country level. arXiv preprint arXiv:1005.2223 (2010).
- MSIP: Act on the establishment, operation and support of government-funded science and technology research institutes. In: Msip (ed.), vol. 11719. (2013)Google Scholar
- Prathap, G.: Hirsch-type indices for ranking institutions’ scientific research output. Curr. Sci. 91(11), 1439 (2006)Google Scholar
- Price, D.J.: Citation measures of hard science, soft science, technology, and nonscience. In: Communication Among Scientists and Engineers, pp. 3–22 (1970)Google Scholar
- R Core Team: R: A language and environment for statistical computing [Computer program]. Available at www.R-project.org. R Foundation Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria (2013)
- Rousseau, R.: New developments related to the Hirsch index. Sci. Focus 1(4), 23–25 (2006)Google Scholar
- Sci2 Team: Science of Science (Sci2) Tool. Indiana University and SciTech Strategies [Computer program]. Available at http://sci2.cns.iu.edu (2009)
- Seong, J.E., Ko, Y.J.: Efforts of Government-funded Research Institues on post catch-up innovation: case of KRICT (Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) [Original title and text in Korean]. J. Technol. Innov. 21(2), 85–113 (2013). doi: 10.14383/SIME.2013.21.2.004
- Shapiro, M.A.: Receiving information at Korean and Taiwanese universities, industry, and GRIs. Scientometrics 90(1), 289–309 (2011). doi: 10.1007/s11192-011-0501-z
- Tennekes, M.: treemap: Treemap visualization [Computer program]. Available at http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=treemap (2014)
- Wickham, H.: ggplot2: elegant graphics for data analysis. Springer New York, (2009)Google Scholar