Quality & Quantity

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 1121–1134 | Cite as

The relationship between economic and health indicators in Rural Pakistan

  • Khadija ShamsEmail author


Drawing on a unique survey data for rural Pakistan, we investigate the relationship between economic and health indicators. The data elicits information on health in terms of number of doctor visits per household and uses income as indicator of their material welfare. We estimate the Poisson regression model for count data (i.e. number of doctor visits per household) which allows us to evaluate the impact of the material standards in different parts of the distribution. The overall effect is higher income reduces the number of doctor visits, because of higher standards of living and a better access to the private as well as efficient health care services.


Health assessment Health inequality Health care services Socio-economic indicators Rural Pakistan 



I would like to thank Luis Angeles, Sai Ding, Richard Harris, Alexander Kadow, Philippe LeMay-Boucher and seminar participants at the University of Glasgow for helpful comments. I am very grateful to the sample households for their patience and cooperation in data collection. The financial support of the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan is acknowledged. All remaining errors are my own.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsShaheed Benazir Bhutto Women UniversityPeshawarPakistan

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