Advertisement

Quality & Quantity

, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 863–870 | Cite as

An index of education and child health in the Horn of Africa

  • José Antonio Rodríguez Martín
  • María Dolores Moreno Herrero
  • José Sánchez Campillo
Article

Abstract

Synthetic indicators are intended to provide an overview of the situation of individuals in a community in relation to a concept to be studied such as quality of life. This study aims to propose a territorial measure and classification of education and child health for countries of the Horn of Africa based on the criteria set out in the United Nations Declaration of the Millennium Development Goals. We construct a synthetic indicator from a multidimensional approach taking into account a large number of variables defined in the Millennium Declaration. For this purpose, we use the Pena distance method for the year 2010, which is the latest year for which data is available. We believe that the situation of the countries in the Horn of Africa differ with respect to the Millennium Development Goal indicators for education and child health. The most striking differences relate to basic quality of life variables.

Keywords

Africa Education and child health Millennium Goals  Pena distance method Quality of life Synthetic indicators 

Abbreviations

\(\text{ DP}_{2}\)

  Pena distance method

IC

  Ivanovic—Pena Overall Information Coefficient

HDI

  Human development index

MDG

  Millennium Development Goal

QoL

  Quality of life

UN

  United Nations

Notes

Acknowledgments

J.A.R. Martin, the main author of the article, gratefully acknowledges the financial support provided by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation within the framework of the 6th National Plan for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2008–2011 (reference: ECO2010-17049; ECON sub-programme).

References

  1. Appleton, S.: Education and health at the household level in sub-Saharan Africa. Working Paper, 33. Harvard University Center for International Development, Cambridge (2000)Google Scholar
  2. Brikci, N., Holder, A.: MDG4— hope or despair for Africa? Rev. Econ. Mund. 27, 71–94 (2011)Google Scholar
  3. Chen, L., Desai, M.: Paths to social development: lessons from case studies. In: Mehrotra, S., Jolly, R. (eds.) Development with a human face: experiences in social achievement and economic growth. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2000)Google Scholar
  4. Christiansen, K., Conway, T., Poston, M.: The Millennium Development Goals and the IDC: Driving and Framing the Committee’s Work. Overseas Development Institute, London (2003)Google Scholar
  5. Cuenca, E., Rodríguez, J.A.: Medición de las disparidades entre indicadores asociados al bienestar social en los Países Menos Adelantados (PMA) de Asia. Rev. Econ. Mund. 25, 83–108 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. Cuenca, E., Rodríguez, J.A., Navarro, M.: The Features of Development in the Pacific Countries of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group. Soc Indic. Res. 99, 469–485 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Deolalikar, A.: Child nutritional status and child growth in Kenya: socio-economic determinants. J. Int. Dev. 8(3), 375–394 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dréze, J., Sen, A.: India: participation and development. Delhi Oxford University Press, New Delhi (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Easterly, W.: How the Millennium Development Goals are Unfair to Africa. World Dev. 37(1), 26–35 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Keyzer, M., Van Wesenbeeck, L.: The Millennium Development Goals, How realistic are they? De Econ. 154(3), 443–466 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. Klomp, J.: The measurement of human capital: a multivariate macro-approach. Qual. Quant. (2011). doi: 10.1007/s11135-011-9507-0
  12. Mackinnon, J.: Food supply, nutrition and mortality in Ethiopia: an overview. Centre for the Study of African Economies Discussion Paper, 155, University of Oxford, Oxford (1995)Google Scholar
  13. Permanyer, I.: The measurement of success in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. J. Econ. Inequal. (2012). doi: 10.1007/s10888-012-9228-1
  14. Psacharopoulos, G., Patrinos, H.A.: Returns to investment in education: a further update. Educ. Econ. 12(2), 111–134 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rodríguez, J.A.: An index of child health in the least developed countries (LDCs) of Africa. Soc Indic. Res. 105(3), 309–322 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rodríguez, J.A.: Index of child health in Africa. In: Michalos, A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of quality of life research. Springer, New York (2013)Google Scholar
  17. Rodríguez, J.A., Salinas, J.A.: An index of maternal and child health in the least developed countries of Asia. Gac. Sanit. 26(2), 190–192 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rodríguez, J.A., Salinas, J.A., Ubiña, A.J.: An index of progress towards the MDG 6 in Sub-Saharan Africa: Combat HIV AIDS and Malaria. Child Indic. Res. 5(1), 99–213 (2011)Google Scholar
  19. Rodríguez, J.A., Holgado, M., Salinas, J.A.: An index of social and economic development in the community’s objective-1 regions of countries in Southern Europe. Eur. Plan. Stud. 20(6), 1.059–1.074 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sen, A.: Welfare. Preference and freedom. J. Econom. 3, 15 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sen, A., Anand, S.: The income component of the human development index. J. Hum. Dev. 1(1), 83–106 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Skevington, S.M., Connell, K.A.: Measuring quality of life in HIV and AIDS: a review of the recent literature. Psychol. Health 18(3), 331–350 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Somarriba, N., Pena, B.: Synthetic indicators of quality of life in Europe. Soc Indic. Res. 96, 115–133 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. UN Children’s Fund: Progress in Child-Wellbeing: building on what works. UNICEF, New York (2012)Google Scholar
  25. UNESCO: Education Counts: towards the Millennium Development Goals. UNESCO, Paris (2010)Google Scholar
  26. UNICEF: Child poverty in perspective: an overview of child well-being in rich countries. Innocenti report card 7. UNICEF, Florence (2007)Google Scholar
  27. Programme, United Nations, Development, : Human Development Report. United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Oxford University Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  28. United Nation: Millennium Development Goals. Progress Report Somalia. Oxford University Press, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  29. United Nation: The Millennium Development Goals Report. Oxford University Press, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  30. World Bank: Global Monitoring Report. The MDGs after the Crisis. World Bank, Washington, DC (2010)Google Scholar
  31. Zarzosa, P.: Aproximación a la medición del Bienestar Social. Secretariado de Publicaciones, Valladolid (1996)Google Scholar
  32. Zarzosa, P., Somarriba, N.: An assessment of social welfare in Spain: territorial analysis using a synthetic welfare indicator. Soc Indic. Res. (2012). doi: 10.1007/s11205-012-0005-0

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Antonio Rodríguez Martín
    • 1
  • María Dolores Moreno Herrero
    • 1
  • José Sánchez Campillo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied EconomicsUniversity of GranadaGranadaSpain

Personalised recommendations