Quality & Quantity

, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 863–870 | Cite as

An index of education and child health in the Horn of Africa

  • José Antonio Rodríguez Martín
  • María Dolores Moreno Herrero
  • José Sánchez Campillo


Synthetic indicators are intended to provide an overview of the situation of individuals in a community in relation to a concept to be studied such as quality of life. This study aims to propose a territorial measure and classification of education and child health for countries of the Horn of Africa based on the criteria set out in the United Nations Declaration of the Millennium Development Goals. We construct a synthetic indicator from a multidimensional approach taking into account a large number of variables defined in the Millennium Declaration. For this purpose, we use the Pena distance method for the year 2010, which is the latest year for which data is available. We believe that the situation of the countries in the Horn of Africa differ with respect to the Millennium Development Goal indicators for education and child health. The most striking differences relate to basic quality of life variables.


Africa Education and child health Millennium Goals  Pena distance method Quality of life Synthetic indicators 


\(\text{ DP}_{2}\)

  Pena distance method


  Ivanovic—Pena Overall Information Coefficient


  Human development index


  Millennium Development Goal


  Quality of life


  United Nations



J.A.R. Martin, the main author of the article, gratefully acknowledges the financial support provided by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation within the framework of the 6th National Plan for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2008–2011 (reference: ECO2010-17049; ECON sub-programme).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Antonio Rodríguez Martín
    • 1
  • María Dolores Moreno Herrero
    • 1
  • José Sánchez Campillo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied EconomicsUniversity of GranadaGranadaSpain

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