Quality & Quantity

, Volume 47, Issue 6, pp 3423–3434 | Cite as

Applying structural equation modeling methodology to test validation: an example of cyberspace positive psychology scale

  • Sen-Chi Yu
  • Wei-Hsin Hsu


Although the structural equation modeling (SEM) methodology is a powerful tool for validating psychological measurements, few studies have used complete SEM-based indexes in test validation. This study developed and validated the cyberspace positive psychology scale (C-PPS) via SEM techniques. A total of 411 college students were recruited from four universities in Taiwan for the study. Hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis was used to test construct validity, and a structural model provided criterion-related validity. Reliability was reported via composite reliability. Results of the analyses show that the C-PPS demonstrated high reliability and good construct validity. Furthermore, criterion-related validity identified that although positive psychology in cyberspace and positive psychology in real life contexts are correlated, the two are also distinguishable. To conclude, the C-PPS is valid and reliable. The validation of the C-PPS indicates that college students can exhibit positive psychological traits in both the real and virtual worlds.


Structural equation modeling Test validation Cyberspace positive psychology Positive psychology Well-being 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Counseling and Applied PsychologyNational Taichung University of EducationTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of EducationNational Chengchi UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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