Queueing Systems

, Volume 67, Issue 2, pp 145–182 | Cite as

Large-time asymptotics for the G t /M t /s t +GI t many-server fluid queue with abandonment

  • Yunan Liu
  • Ward Whitt


We previously introduced and analyzed the G t /M t /s t +GI t many-server fluid queue with time-varying parameters, intended as an approximation for the corresponding stochastic queueing model when there are many servers and the system experiences periods of overload. In this paper, we establish an asymptotic loss of memory (ALOM) property for that fluid model, i.e., we show that there is asymptotic independence from the initial conditions as time t evolves, under regularity conditions. We show that the difference in the performance functions dissipates over time exponentially fast, again under the regularity conditions. We apply ALOM to show that the stationary G/M/s+GI fluid queue converges to steady state and the periodic G t /M t /s t +GI t fluid queue converges to a periodic steady state as time evolves, for all finite initial conditions.


Nonstationary queues Queues with time-varying arrivals Many-server queues Deterministic fluid model Customer abandonment Loss of memory Weakly ergodic Periodic steady state Transient behavior 

Mathematics Subject Classification (2000)

60K25 90B22 90B22 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations ResearchColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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