Antithrombotic Effects of Amaranthus hypochondriacus Proteins in Rats
- 255 Downloads
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of disability and premature death throughout the world. Diets with antithrombotic components offer a convenient and effective way of preventing and reducing CVD incidence. The aim of the present work was to assess in vivo and ex vivo effects of Amaranthus hypochondriacus proteins on platelet plug formation and coagulation cascade. Amaranth proteins were orally administrated to rats (AG, 8 animals) and bleeding time was determined showing no significant difference compared with control rats (CG, 7 animals). However, results show a strong tendency, suggesting that amaranth proteins are involved in the inhibition of thrombus formation. Non-anticoagulated blood extracted from animals was analyzed with the hemostatometer, where AG parameters obtained were twice the values showed by CG. The clotting tests, thrombin time (TT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), presented a 17 and 14 % clotting formation increase respectively when comparing AG with CG. The ex-vivo assays confirm the hypothesis inferring that amaranth proteins are a potential antithrombotic agent.
KeywordsFunctional food Amaranth proteins Antithrombotic activity Animals assays
Rats fed with amaranth proteins
Activated partial thromboplastin time
Rats that were fed with control diet
Rats injected with heparin
This work was supported by PIP 11220110101109. We also wish to thank Mariana M. Gonzalez from Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, for helping us during the realization of the clotting tests.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Authors, A.C. Sabbione, G. Rinaldi, M.C. Añón, and A. Scilingo, declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All experimental procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards approved by CICUAL, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata Ethics Committee. All efforts were made to minimize the number of animals used and their suffering. This article does not contain studies with human participants performed by the authors.
- 1.World Health Organization 2010 (2011) Global status report on noncommunicable diseases. http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd_report2010/en/. Accessed 7 Aug 2012
- 4.Mojica L, González de Mejía E (2015) Characterization and comparison of protein and peptide profiles and their biological activities of improved common bean cultivars (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) from Mexico and Brazil. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 70:105–112Google Scholar
- 13.Paredes-López O (1994) Amaranth: biology, chemistry and technology. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FLGoogle Scholar
- 14.Reeves PG, Nielses FH, Fahey GC (1993) AIN-93 purified diets for laboratory rodents: final report of the American institute of nutrition ad hoc writing committee on the reformulation of the AIN-76A rodent diet. J Nutr 123:1939–1951Google Scholar
- 15.Stenberg PE, Barrie RJ, Pestina TI, Steward SA, Arnold JT, Murti AK, Hutson NK, Jackson CW (1998) Prolonged bleeding time with defective platelet filopodia formation in the wistar Furth rat. Blood 91:1599–1608Google Scholar
- 19.Kalyani B, Manjula K, Kusuma DL (2012) Food consumption pattern and weight gain of albino rats fed with irradiated and non-irradiated diet. Indian J L Sci 2:73–75Google Scholar
- 20.Cossio-Bolaños M, Gómez Campos R, Vargas Vitoria R, Hochmuller Fogaça RT, de Arruda M (2013) Curvas de referencia para valorar el crecimiento físico de ratas machos wistar. Nutr Hosp 28:2151–2156 (In Spanish)Google Scholar
- 21.Day SM, Reeve JL, Myers DD, Fay WP (2004) Murine thrombosis models. Thromb Haemost 92:486–494Google Scholar
- 26.Rinaldi G, Bohr DF (1989) Potassium-induced relaxation of arteries in hypertension: modulation by extracellular calcium. American Physiological Society 256:H707–H712Google Scholar
- 33.Cho HR, Choi HS (2003) Effects of Anticoagulant from Spirodela polyrhiza in Rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 67:881–883Google Scholar