Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 190–199 | Cite as

Improving the Efficiency of Antioxidant Extraction from Mango Peel by Using Microwave-assisted Extraction

  • Eva Dorta
  • M. Gloria Lobo
  • Mónica González
Original Paper


The purpose of this study was to analyze the extraction efficiency of antioxidants from mango peel by comparing two techniques: microwave-assisted (MAE) and traditional solvent (TE) extraction. The number of extraction steps, water content in the extractant, peel weight-to-solvent volume ratio in extractions and extraction time all had an influence on obtaining extracts with high antioxidant capacity, but the extraction technique and the water content in the extractant were the factors with the greatest effect. Using three steps, a water content of 50 % in the ethanol:water extractant, an extraction time of 60 min and a weight-to-volume ratio of 1:10 or 1:50 (w/v) led to the highest antioxidant activity and phytochemicals content in extracts. The extraction time needed to extract phytochemicals from mango peel was similar when MAE and TE were used. However, the antioxidant capacity and phytochemical content were around 1.5–6.0 times higher in the extracts obtained by MAE.


Mangifera indica L. bio-wastes Microwave-assisted extraction Solvent extraction Antioxidant capacity Phenolic compounds 



Antioxidant activity coefficient

\( \mathrm{ABT}{{\mathrm{S}}^{{\bullet +}}} \)

2,2′-Azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid radical


Analysis of variance


Central composite design


Contribution factor

\( \mathrm{DPP}{{\mathrm{H}}^{\bullet }} \)

2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical


Dry matter basis


Experimental values


Leucoanthocyanidin equivalents


Microwave-assisted extraction




Predicted values






Standard error of the estimates


Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances


Tannic acid equivalents


Traditional solvent extraction


Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity



The Spanish INIA awarded Eva Dorta a PhD INIA grant. Mónica González would like to thank the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) for a contract in the JAEdoc program, financed with the involvement of the European Social Fund (ESF). This research was supported through the RTA2006-00187 project, also financed by the INIA.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11130_2013_350_MOESM1_ESM.doc (40 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 40 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Canario de Investigaciones AgrariasLa LagunaSpain
  2. 2.Instituto de Química Orgánica General (IQOG-CSIC)MadridSpain

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