Plant Foods for Human Nutrition

, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 247–252 | Cite as

Opuntia humifusa Partitioned Extracts Inhibit the Growth of U87MG Human Glioblastoma Cells

  • Sahng-Wook Hahm
  • Jieun Park
  • Yong-Suk Son


Opuntia humifusa, a member of the Cactaceae family widely distributed in the southern regions of the Korean peninsula, has potential bioactive functions and medicinal benefits. In the present study, we investigated the effect of hexane, ethyl acetate extracts and water partitioned fraction of O. humifusa on proliferation, G1 arrest and apoptosis in U87MG human glioblastoma cells. Glioblastoma cellular proliferation was evaluated using the MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, and the effects of O. humifusa partitioned extracts on cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. Our results revealed that when U87MG cells were treated with hexane extracts and water partitioned fraction of O. humifusa, the number of viable cells decreased in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, water partitioned fractions of O. humifusa induced G1 arrest and non-apoptotic cell death as well as significant increases in ROS production in U87MG cells. In conclusion, water partitioned fractions of O. humifusa induce G1 arrest and inhibit U87MG human glioblastoma cell proliferation.


Antiproliferative activity G1 arrest Opuntia humifusa U87MG Water partitioned fractions 



Ethyl acetate


3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,3 diphenyltetrazolium bromide


Reactive oxygen species


Human glioblastoma-human cancer cell line



This work was supported by a grant (LS 0509) provided by the Agricultural Techniques Center, Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and Technology, College of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyKorea UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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