Quantum Information Processing

, Volume 12, Issue 11, pp 3495–3509 | Cite as

Fault tolerant authenticated quantum direct communication immune to collective noises

  • Chun-Wei Yang
  • Tzonelih Hwang


This study proposes two new coding functions for GHZ states and GHZ-like states, respectively. Based on these coding functions, two fault tolerant authenticated quantum direct communication (AQDC) protocols are proposed. Each of which is robust under one kind of collective noises: collective-dephasing noise and collective-rotation noise, respectively. Moreover, the proposed AQDC protocols enable a sender to send a secure as well as authenticated message to a receiver within only one step quantum transmission without using the classical channels.


Authentication Collective noise GHZ state Quantum cryptography Quantum direct communication 



We would like to thank the National Science Council of the Republic of China, Taiwan for partially supporting this research in finance under the Contract No. NSC 100-2221-E-006-152-MY3.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Information EngineeringNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainan CityTaiwan, ROC

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