Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 89, Issue 1, pp 103–110 | Cite as

Handedness and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms in College Students

Original Paper


The symptoms of adult Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) generally include impaired concentration; an insensitivity to social cues, being hard to get along with, and being internally restlessness. It is not surprising that these problems are likely to affect the performance of college students with ADHD. The study aims to examine whether ADHD symptoms are associated with handedness in college students in Taiwan. A total of 505 male and 645 female participants completed Annett’s handedness questionnaire and the Traditional Chinese College ADHD Response Evaluation Student Response Inventory (C-CARE-SRI). Handedness was scored both categorically, mixed vs. not-mixed, and continuously, using the Hand Preference Index. The Inattention score was significantly higher for students who were mixed-handed than for those who were not, after social pressure against using the left hand to write had been adjusted for. However, the differences in Hyperactivity and Impulsivity scores were nonsignificant. In addition, the correlations between all three ADHD and Hand Preference Index factor-scores were nonsignificant. To sum up, mixed-handedness is associated with a higher Inattention score. The potential underlying mechanism relating to ADHD Inattention is discussed.


Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Handedness Attention Hyperactivity Impulsivity Cerebral lateralization 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Human Studies

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study has been approved by National Cheng Kung University Governance Framework for Human Research Ethics (No. 103-279).

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interests

The authors declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, or publication of this article.


This study was not funded by any grant.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical PsychologyFu Jen Catholic UniversityNew Taipei CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Center of General EducationChang Jung Christian UniversityTainanTaiwan

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