Psychiatric Quarterly

, Volume 81, Issue 4, pp 311–323 | Cite as

Factor Structure and Risk Factors for the Health Status of Homeless Veterans

  • Gerald Goldstein
  • James F. Luther
  • Gretchen L. Haas
  • Cathleen J. Appelt
  • Adam J. Gordon
Original Paper


Homeless veterans have numerous health problems that have been previously characterized as falling into four major subgroups; addiction, psychosis, vascular disorders, and generalized medical and psychiatric illness. Comorbid conditions are common, often involving a combination of psychiatric and medical disorders. Using data from the same survey of homeless veterans that was used to establish these subgroups with cluster analysis, the present study examined the structure of these subgroup patterns through the use of factor analysis. This analysis yielded a five factor solution. They were named “Cardiac”, Mood, Stress, Addiction, and Psychosis factors. Factor scores were computed and an odds ratio analysis was accomplished to determine the association between obtaining a high score on a given factor with a number of sociodemographic and homelessness related variables. It was concluded that health status of homeless veterans is a complex condition, but has a clear latent structure demonstrated by factor analysis. Scoring high or low on a particular factor is associated with numerous historical and sociodemographic considerations, notably age, ethnicity, and employment status.


Homeless Health status Comorbidity 



This research was supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) Medical Research Service, the DVA VISN4 Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center (MIRECC), and the DVA Northeast Program Evaluation Center (NEPEC). Indebtedness is expressed to Dr. Robert Rosenheck for access to the data. Indebtedness is expressed to the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Research Service, VISN 4 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center, and Department of Veterans Affairs Northeast Program Evaluation Center for support of this research. This work was supported in part by a postdoctoral fellowship awarded to C.J. Appelt, Psychiatric Epidemiology Training Program National Institute of Mental Health (T32 MH15169; G.A. Richardson, Program Director).


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Copyright information

© GovernmentEmployee: Department of Veterans Affairs 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerald Goldstein
    • 1
    • 2
  • James F. Luther
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gretchen L. Haas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cathleen J. Appelt
    • 1
    • 2
  • Adam J. Gordon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical CenterVeterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare SystemPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.Center for Health Equity Research and PromotionVeteran Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare SystemPittsburghUSA

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