PROSPECTS

, Volume 47, Issue 1–2, pp 55–71 | Cite as

Human rights education in social studies in the Netherlands: A case study textbook analysis

Open File
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Citizenship education is one of the main aims of the mandated subject of social studies in secondary schools in the Netherlands. Moreover, the learning outcomes of social studies refer to constitutional rights. Internationally, citizenship education and human rights education are considered to be mutually reinforcing. One may, thus, expect that Dutch school textbooks include elements of human rights education. This article presents the analysis of a popular social studies textbook in the Netherlands, applying a number of human rights education criteria. The study shows that basic information on human rights is lacking, despite ample opportunity to integrate such themes. Most worrisome is the conveyance of potential misinformation about human rights due to the chosen formulation of rights-related issues. This can, in part, be traced back to the textbook authors’ (mis)understanding of human rights.

Keywords

Human rights education Citizenship education Social studies Textbook analysis Netherlands 

References

  1. Amnesty International Netherlands (2017). Jaarverslag 2016 [Annual report 2016]. https://www.amnesty.nl/content/uploads/2017/06/JAARVERSLAG2016-def21juni-los.pdf?x32866.
  2. Bajaj, M. (2011). Human rights education: Ideology, location, and approaches. Human Rights Quarterly, 33(2), 481–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bron, J., & Thijs, A. (2011). Leaving it to the schools: Citizenship, diversity and human rights education in the Netherlands. Educational Research, 53(2), 123–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Council of Europe (2010). Charter on education for democratic citizenship and human rights education, Recommendation CM/Rec(2010)7 and explanatory memorandum. https://rm.coe.int/16803034e3.
  5. Druba, V. (2006). Menschenrechte in Schulbüchern: Eine produktorientierte analyse [Human rights in school books: A product-oriented analysis]. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  6. Education Council (2012). Advies Verder met burgerschap in het onderwijs [Recommendation on advancing citizenship in education]. https://www.onderwijsraad.nl/upload/documents/publicaties/volledig/verder-met-burgerschap-in-het-onderwijs.pdf.
  7. Education Inspectorate (2006). Toezichtkader actief burgerschap en sociale integratie [Inspection framework for active citizenship and social integration]. Utrecht: Education Inspectorate. https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/documenten/kamerstukken/2006/07/03/toezichtkader-actief-burgerschap-en-sociale-integratie.
  8. Education Inspectorate (2016). De Staat van het Onderwijs 2014/2015 [The state of education 2014/2015]. Utrecht: Education Inspectorate. https://www.onderwijsinspectie.nl/documenten/publicaties/2016/04/13/staat-van-het-onderwijs-2014-2015.
  9. Education Inspectorate (2017). De Staat van het Onderwijs 2015/2016 [The state of education 2015/2016]. Utrecht: Education Inspectorate. https://www.onderwijsinspectie.nl/onderwerpen/staat-van-het-onderwijs/documenten/rapporten/2017/04/12/staat-van-het-onderwijs-2015-2016.
  10. Flick, U. (2006). An introduction to qualitative research. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  11. Fritzsche, K. P. (2005). Die macht der menschenrechte und die schlüsselrolle der menschenrechtsbildung [The power of human rights and the key role of human rights education]. Der Bürger im Staat, 55(1/2), 64–70.Google Scholar
  12. Fritzsche, K. P. (2007). What do human rights mean for citizenship education? Journal of Social Science Education, 6(2), 40–49.Google Scholar
  13. Hermanns, H. (2010). Interviewing as an activity. In U. Flick, E. Von Kardoff, & I. Steinke (Eds.), A companion to qualitative research (pp. 209–213). Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
  14. Lenhart, V. (2006). Pädagogik der menschenrechten [Pedagogy of human rights]. Wiesbaden, Germany: Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.Google Scholar
  15. Meyer, J. W., Bromley, P., & Ramirez, F. O. (2009). Human rights in social science textbooks: Cross-national analyses, 1970–2008. Sociology of Education, 83(2), 111–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Netherlands Institute for Human Rights (2015). Advies mensenrechten op school [Recommendations for human rights in schools]. https://www.mensenrechten.nl/publicaties/detail/35843.
  17. O’Flaherty, M. (2017). Presentation of the Fundamental Rights Agency’s Report 2017 at FRA Symposium. Brussels, 28 June 2017. http://fra.europa.eu/en/speech/2017/presentation-fundamental-rights-report-2017-fra-symposium.
  18. Olgers, A. A. J., Schra, E. L., & Veldman, M. C. (2014a). Seneca maatschappijleer havo-vwo [Seneca social studies havo-vwo]. Harderwijk: Seneca.Google Scholar
  19. Olgers, T., Van Otterdijk, R., Ruijs, G., De Kievid, J., & Meijs, L. (2014b). Handboek vakdidactiek maatschappijleer [Handbook of social studies pedagogy]. Amsterdam/Den Haag: Landelijke Expertisecentrum Mens- en Maatschappijvakken, ProDemos.Google Scholar
  20. Oomen, B. (2009). Mensen- en kinderrechten in het onderwijs in Nederland: Een fundamentele kwestie [Human and child rights in education in the Netherlands: A fundamental issue]. VN Forum, 2009-113–20. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/254916625_Mensen-_en_kinderrechtenonderwijs_in_Nederland_een_fundamentele_kwestie.
  21. Oomen, B., & Vrolijk, M. (2010). Inspiratie voor mensenrechteneducatie: Democratisch burgerschap en mensenrechten in het (burgerschaps)onderwijs [Inspiration for human rights education: Democratic citizenship and human rights in (citizenship) education]. Leiden: Stichting NJCM-Boekerij 50.Google Scholar
  22. Osler, A. (2016). Human rights and schooling. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  23. Pingel, F. (2010). UNESCO guidebook on textbook research and textbook revision. Paris and Braunschweig: Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research.Google Scholar
  24. Platform Mensenrechteneducatie (2008). Gemiste kansen?: Aandacht voor mensen- en kinderrechten in het Nederlandse onderwijs [Missed opportunities?: Attention for human and child rights in Dutch education]. Amsterdam: Platform Mensenrechteneducatie. http://www.decampagnewinkel.nl/350/geen-categorie/platform-mensenrechten-educatie/#.WoRW-9KpW70.
  25. Platform Onderwijs2032 (2016). Ons onderwijs2032: Eindadvies [Our education2032: Final recommendation]. http://onsonderwijs2032.nl/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Ons-Onderwijs2032-Eindadvies-januari-2016.pdf.
  26. Silverman, D. (2010). Doing qualitative research: A practical handbook. Los Angeles: Sage.Google Scholar
  27. Silvis, J. (2016). Rede gehouden ter gelegenheid van zijn installatie tot procureur-generaal bij de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden, [Inaugural speech as Attorney-General at the Dutch Supreme Court]. The Hague, 1 September 2016. https://www.rechtspraak.nl/Organisatie-en-contact/Organisatie/Hoge-Raad-der-Nederlanden/Nieuws/Documents/installatierede%20PG%20(002).pdf.
  28. SLO Nationaal expertisecentrum leerplanontwikkeling [Netherlands Institute for Curriculum Development] (2012). Burgerschaps- en mensenrechteneducatie: Curriculumvoorstel [Citizenship and human rights education: A curriculum proposal]. Enschede, Netherlands: SLO.Google Scholar
  29. SLO (2014). Leerplan voor de toekomst van het funderend onderwijs [Curriculum for the future of primary and secondary education]. Enschede, Netherlands: SLO.Google Scholar
  30. Tibbitts, F. (2002). Understanding what we do: Emerging models for human rights education. International Review of Education, 48(3–4), 159–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tibbitts, F., & Fritzsche, P. (2006). Editorial. Journal for Social Science Education, 5(1), 1–15.Google Scholar
  32. United Nations (2004). World programme for human rights education, A/RES/59/113. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Education/Training/Compilation/Pages/WorldProgrammeforHumanRightsEducation(2004).aspx.
  33. United Nations (2011). United Nations Declaration on Human Rights and Training, A/RES/66/137. https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N11/467/04/PDF/N1146704.pdf?OpenElement.
  34. Weinbrenner, P., & Fritzsche, K. P. (1998). Mensenrechtserziehung: Ein leitfaden zur darstellung des themas ‘menschenrechte’ in schulbüchern und im unterricht [Human rights education: A guide for the presentation of the subject of ‘human rights’ in school books and in teaching]. Bonn: Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© UNESCO IBE 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Netherlands Institute for Human RightsUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University of Twente EnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations