, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 167–180 | Cite as

An evidence-based model for early-grade reading programmes

  • John P. Comings
Open File


This article proposes a model for design of early-grade reading programmes that is based on research and the implementation of research findings. The model has three components: (1) schools should provide instruction in a language their students speak and understand; (2) teachers should employ instruction that is consistent with the current evidence-based theory of how children acquire and improve reading skills; and (3) students should spend sufficient time on task in direct instruction and reading practice to make meaningful progress. For each component, the article describes the ways in which reading programmes are trying to implement that concept and the evidence that supports those approaches. The article concludes with ways this programme model could inform policy and be improved by further research.


Early-grade reading Education programme design Learning Reading skills 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for International EducationUniversity of Massachusetts at AmherstAmherstUSA

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