Protection of Metals

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 105–116 | Cite as

Hydrolysis of interfacial bonds in a metal/polymer electrical double layer

  • A. P. Nazarov
  • D. Thierry


Effect of water on the electrical double layer structure at a metal/polymer interface is studied with the use of scanning vibrating capacitor and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. In the initial stage, the Volta potential of the contact changes well reversibly and rapidly, being proportional to the water vapor pressure, following its diffusion in the polymer (ΔV = A + B log (time)1/2). Water dipoles at the metal/polymer interface orientate counter the field and compensate it. Drying of the contact restores the initial potential drop. In the first stage of exposure, water somewhat enhances the interfacial interaction, which manifests itself in increasing the potential drop, as well as the charge transfer resistance, and in decreasing the capacitance of the electrical double layer. As time passes, the interface hydrolyzes, its capacitance grows and the time of subsequently restoring the electrical double layer by drying increases. Kinetic dependences of the potential and capacitance, exhibit two segments, we ascribe to easily removable and strongly bonded water molecules solvating the interface, respectively. It is shown that metal-polymer interfacial bonds passivate the metal; however, the passivation can be broken down because of the hydrolysis and the interfacial moisture film formation.


Water Vapor Vapor Pressure Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Electrical Double Layer Charge Transfer Resistance 
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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. Nazarov
    • 1
  • D. Thierry
    • 1
  1. 1.KorrosionsinstitutetStockholmSweden

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