Journal of Productivity Analysis

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 241–258 | Cite as

Reforms and agricultural productivity in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Republics: 1989–2005

  • Johan F. M. Swinnen
  • Liesbet Vranken


This paper analyses the changes in agricultural performance in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet republics since the start of the transition process. We provide a conceptual framework for the evolution of productivity and efficiency measures and link this evolution to the issue of factor abundance taking into account specific transition characteristics. We document the changes in agricultural performance using empirical data on the evolution of partial productivity and total factor productivity estimates and we illustrate how productivity varies between countries at various stages of the transition process. Over the past twenty years, virtually all transition countries witnessed an initial decline in productivity, and virtually all countries currently witness an increase in productivity. However, the depth and length of the initial decline differs enormously between countries. Our analysis indicates that the productivity changes were related to the extent of the pre-reform distortions, initial resource endowments and technology use, and the reform implementation in the countries.


Transition agriculture Labor productivity Yields Technical efficiency Total factor productivity Resource endowment Reform implementation 

JEL Classification

Q12 P27 P32 R11 



The authors thank Anneleen Vandeplas for research assistance and Azeta Cungu for comments and providing access to data and estimation procedures. The views in this paper are those of the authors and not necessarily reflect those of organizations they are associated with or those that funded the research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic PerformanceUniversity of Leuven (KULeuven)LeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsUniversity of Leuven (KULeuven)LeuvenBelgium
  3. 3.Centre for Corporate SustainabilityHUBrusselBrusselBelgium
  4. 4.Unit Transition Energy EnvironmentVITOMolBelgium

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