Changing Latino Adolescents’ Substance Use Norms and Behaviors: the Effects of Synchronized Youth and Parent Drug Use Prevention Interventions
- 680 Downloads
While parent and youth substance use prevention interventions have shown beneficial effects on preadolescents, many programs have typically targeted US born European American and African American families while overlooking the unique factors that characterize recent immigrant Latino families. This article presents the results on youth substance use when adding a culturally grounded parenting component, Familias Preparando la Nueva Generación (FPNG), to the existing and already proven efficacious classroom-based drug abuse prevention intervention, keepin’it REAL (kiR). Data come from youth (N = 267) participating in the randomized control trial of the interventions who were surveyed at baseline (beginning at 7th grade) and 18 months later (end of 8th grade). Using multivariate linear regression path analyses, results indicate when FPNG and kiR are combined, youth had significantly lowered alcohol and cigarettes use at the end of 8th grade, mediated through anti-drug norms, when compared with youth who only participated in kiR without parental participation in FPNG. These findings indicate that adolescent normative beliefs and related behaviors can be changed through synchronized culturally grounded parent and youth interventions and together can play an important role in reducing adolescent substance use.
KeywordsSubstance use Interventions Adolescents Parents Latino
This research was supported by funding from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD/NIH) and award P20 MD002316 (F. Marsiglia, P.I.). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIMHD or the NIH.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Collins, L. M., Murphy, S. A., & Strecher, V. (2007). The multiphase optimization strategy (MOST) and the sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART): New methods for more potent eHealth interventions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32, S112–118.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Dillon, F. R., Turner, C. W., Robbins, M. S., & Szapocznik, J. (2005). Concordance among biological, interview, and self-report measures of drug use among African American and Hispanic adolescents referred for drug abuse treatment. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19, 404.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Dumka, L. E., Lopez, V. A., & Jacobs-Carter, S. (2002). Parenting interventions adapted for Latino families: Progress and prospects. In J. M. Contreras, K. A. Kerns, & A. M. Neal-Barnett (Eds.), Latino children and families in the United States: Current research and future directions (pp. 203–231). New York: Greenwood Publishing Group.Google Scholar
- Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2013). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2012: Volume I, Secondary school students. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.Google Scholar
- Kam, J. A., & Yang, S. (2013). Explicating how parent–child communication increases Latino and European American Early adolescents’ intentions to intervene in a friend’s substance use. Prevention Science, 1–11.Google Scholar
- Marsiglia, F. F., & Hecht, M. L. (2005). keepin’ it REAL: An evidence-based program. Santa Cruz: ETR Associates.Google Scholar
- Marsiglia, F. F., Nagoshi, J., Parsai, M., & Castro, F. (2012). The influence of linguistic acculturation and parental monitoring on the substance use of Mexican-heritage adolescents in predominately Mexican enclaves in the Southwest US. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 11, 226–241.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Marsiglia, F. F., Williams, L., Ayers, S. L., & Booth, J. M. (2013). Familias: Preparando la Nueva Generación: A randomized control trial testing the effects on positive parenting practices. Research on Social Work Practice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1049731513498828.
- Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2012). Mplus user’s guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.Google Scholar
- Perrino, T., Pantin, H., Prado, G., Huang, S., Brincks, A., Howe, G., & Brown, C. H. (2014). Preventing internalizing symptoms among Hispanic adolescents: A synthesis across Familias Unidas trials. Prevention Science : Epub ahead of print.Google Scholar
- Prado, G., Cordova, D., Huang, S., Estrada, Y., Rosen, A., Bacio, G. A., & McCollister, K. (2012). The efficacy of Familias Unidas on drug and alcohol outcomes for Hispanic delinquent youth: Main effects and interaction effects by parental stress and social support. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 125, S18–S25.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Szapocznik, J., & Coatsworth, J. D. (1999). An ecodevelopmental framework for organizing risk and protection for drug abuse: A developmental model of risk and protection. In M. Glantz & C. R. Hartel (Eds.), Drug Abuse: Origins and Interventions (pp. 331–366). Washington: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Voisine, S., Parsai, M., Marsiglia, F. F., Kulis, S., & Nieri, T. (2008). Effects of parental monitoring, permissiveness, and injunctive norms on substance use among Mexican and Mexican American adolescents. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, 89, 264–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Williams, L. R., Ayers, S. L., Garvey, M., Marsiglia, F. F., & Castro, F. G. (2012). The efficacy of a culturally-based parenting intervention: Strengthening open communication between Mexican-heritage parents and their adolescent children. Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research, 3, 296–307. doi: 10.5243/jsswr.2012.18ng.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar