A Meta-analysis of the Effects of Dropout Prevention Programs on School Absenteeism
- 1.9k Downloads
This study reports findings from a systematic review and meta-analysis of literature examining the effects of school dropout prevention and intervention programs on students’ school absenteeism outcomes. The meta-analysis synthesized 74 effect sizes measuring posttest differences in school absenteeism outcomes for youth enrolled in dropout prevention programs relative to a comparison group. Although results from randomized controlled trials indicated significant beneficial program effects, findings from quasi-experimental studies indicated no significant beneficial or detrimental effects. Examination of study characteristics suggested that dropout programs may have beneficial effects on school absenteeism among primarily male samples, and younger samples. Although no single type of intervention program was consistently more effective than others, vocational oriented and supplemental academic training programs showed some promise. However, the inconsistency in results and the possibility of small study bias mean the quality of evidence in this literature is low; at this time there is not enough evidence to conclude that dropout prevention programs have a universal impact on youth’s school absenteeism outcomes.
KeywordsDropout prevention Meta-analysis School absenteeism School attendance Truancy
- Cataldi, E. F., Laird, J., & KewalRamani, A. (2009). High school dropout and completion rates in the United States: 2007 (NCES 2009-064). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2009064
- Dalton, B., Glennie, E., & Ingels, S. J. (2009). Late high school dropouts: Characteristics, experiences, and changes across cohorts (NCES 2009-307). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education.Google Scholar
- ICF International & National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. (2008). Best practices in dropout prevention. Fairfax: ICF International.Google Scholar
- Klima, T., Miller, M., & Nunlist, C. (2009). What works? Targeted truancy and dropout programs in middle and high school. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy, No. 09-06-2201. Retrieved from http://www.wsipp.wa.gov/pub.asp?docid=09-06-2201
- Lehr, C. A., Hansen, A., Sinclair, M. F., & Christenson, S. L. (2003). Moving beyond dropout toward school completion: An integrative review of data-based interventions. School Psychology Review, 32, 342–364.Google Scholar
- Lipsey, M. W., & Wilson, D. B. (2001). Practical meta-analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Maynard, B. R., McCrea, K. T., Pigott, T., & Kelly, M. (2012). Indicated truancy interventions: Effects on school attendance among chronic truant students. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 10. doi: 10.4073/csr.2012.10.
- Mitchell, O., Wilson, D. B., Eggers, A., & MacKenzie, D. L. (2012). Drug courts’ effects on criminal offending for juveniles and adults. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 4. doi: 10.4073/csr.2012.4.
- National Center for Education Statistics (2006). The condition of education 2006. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Education. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2006071
- National Center for School Engagement (2011). Truancy program registry. Retrieved from www.schoolengagement.org
- National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. (2009). Economic impacts of dropouts. Retrieved from http://www.dropoutprevention.org/statistics/quick-facts/economic-impacts-dropouts
- Perper, K., Peterson, K., & Manlove, J. (2010). Diploma attainment among teen mothers. Child Trends, Fact Sheet Publication #2010-01. Washington, DC: Child Trends.Google Scholar
- Wilson, S. J., Tanner-Smith, E. E., Lipsey, M. W., Steinka-Fry, K., & Morrison, J. (2011). Dropout prevention and intervention programs: Effects on school completion and dropout among school-aged children and youth. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 8. doi: 10/4073/csr.2011.8.